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Hall of Merit
— A Look at Baseball's All-Time Best

Sunday, September 19, 2004

The Baseball Hall of Merit Plaque Room: G-L

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Pud Galvin - 1910 - P
St. Louis Brown Stockings (NA) 1875; Buffalo (NL) 1879-85; Pittsburgh (AA: 1885-86; NL: 1887-89, 1891-92); Pittsburgh (PL) 1890; St. Louis (NL) 1892
Cap: Buffalo Bisons (NL)
The most long-lasting hurler of his age, “The Little Steam Engine” racked up remarkable numbers while toiling with inferior teams for the majority of his career. Galvin’s career W-L record was 364-310, with an ERA+ of 108 over 6003.3 innings. His assortment of pitches (fastball and changeup), terrific control, a great pickoff move and (his weight notwithstanding) fielding found respite on mainly poor fielding, second-division teams. Despite this (and the absence of his fine work for the strong IA in between the NA and NL as part of his statistical record), “Gentle Jeems” still left a considerable mark on the game. Retired with the major league career records for wins (364), games (705), innings (6,003.3), games started (689), complete games (646), shutouts (57), assists (1,404), and batters faced (25,234), as well as the single-season record for games started (75 in 1883). STATS, Inc. NL Staff Pitcher (1884). No-hit games (1880 and 1884). Led the NA in SO to Walk (1875). Led the NL in Strikeouts (1879-81, 1883), Fewest Walks per 9 innings (1881, 1886, 1889), Games (1883), Innings (1883), Games Started (1883), Complete Games (1883), Shutouts (1883-84), SO to Walk (1881)  and Batters Faced (1883).

Lou Gehrig - 1944 – 1B
14.0 seasons with: New York (AL) 1923-39
Cap: New York Yankees (AL)
The most durable player of his generation, the “Iron Horse” was more than just the man who played a record 2,130 consecutive games.  He was a potent left-handed hitter (179 OPS+, 200 hits 8 times, and a batting line of .340/.447/.632) who was masterful at walloping line drives out of the park on a frequent basis. Recognized by many as the greatest all-around first baseman in baseball history, “Larrupin’ Lou” was a virtuoso at driving in runners for the Yankees (he holds the record for consecutive seasons of at least 100 RBI (13)). He led AL first basemen once in assists and double plays and twice in putouts. Member of seven pennant winners (1926 and the World Champions of 1927, 1928, 1932, 1936, 1937 and 1938). Two-time AL MVP (1927, 1936). Triple Crown (1934). Seven-time AL All-Star (1933-39). Eight-time STATS, Inc. AL First Baseman (1926-28, 1930-31, 1934, 1936-37). Three-time Win Shares AL MVP (1930, 1934, 1936). Six-time Win Shares AL Silver Slugger winner (1927, 1930, 1934-37). Four-time Win Shares AL Gold Glove winner (1925-26, 1934, 1936). AL leader for OPS (1934, 1936-37), OPS+ (1934, 1936-37), SLG (1934, 1936), G (1927, 1930, 1932, 1934, 1936-38), R (1931, 1933, 1935-36), H (1931), TB (1927, 1930-31, 1934), 2B (1927-28), 3B (1926), HR (1931, 1934, 1936), RBI (1927-28, 1930-31, 1934), BB (1935-37), XBH (1926-27, 1930-31), OBP (1928, 1934-37), Times on Bases (1927, 1930-31, 1934, 1936-37) and BA (1934).  Retired with numerous milestones including the major league career records for grand slams (23); the ML record for HR in a game (4 in 1934); the AL season record for most RBI (184); the AL career record for RBIs per G (.292); as well as the Yankee franchise records for 2B in a season (52 in 1927) and the career Yankee records for most G (2,164), H (2,721), 2B (534), 3B (163), RBI (1,995) and XBH (1,190).

Charlie Gehringer - 1948 – 2B
15.1 seasons with: Detroit (AL) 1924-42
Cap: Detroit Tigers (AL)
Though an extremely taciturn man, “The Mechanical Man” was able to emote through the quality of his play and consistency. A solid offensive player (batting .300 13 times, a career .320 BA and .420 OBP, and 2,839 lifetime hits), the left-handed Gehringer had good power (he left the game with the AL career home run record for a second baseman with 184) and patience at the plate (1,186 BB) for a player at his position. As a base stealer, he was a fine percentage player for his era. Excellent hands and range helped him achieve the league lead in fielding percentage seven times, putouts three times, double plays four times, and assists seven times. Member of three pennant winners (1934 (hitting .379/.438/.517), 1940, and the World Champs of 1935 (hitting .375/.423/.500)). AL MVP (1937). Nine-time STATS, Inc. AL Second Baseman (1928-30, 1933-34, 1936-39). Six-time Win Shares AL Gold Glove winner (1927, 1930, 1933-36). Six-time All-Star (1933-38). AL leader for Games (1929-30, 1933-34), Hits (1929, 1934), Runs (1929, 1934), Stolen Bases (1929), Doubles (1929, 1936), Triples (1929), Power/Speed Number (1929, 1938) and BA (1937).  Retired with the AL record for consecutive 200-hit seasons (5), as well as the Tigers’ club records for most AB in a season (641) and most career BB (10,237).

Bob Gibson – 1981 – P
St. Louis (NL) 1959-75
Cap: St. Louis Cardinals (NL)
Was there ever a more intimidating presence on the mound than Gibson? A scowling countenance on the hill that wasn’t afraid of brushing back an opposing batter, the right-hander was his franchise’s greatest hurler all-time. With his smoking fastball, elusive slider, a fine curve, and his masterful control, “Hoot” became a five-time 20-game winner, the first man to strike out at least 200 batters 9 times, the NL pitcher with the most career strikeouts at the time of his retirement (3,117), and the moundsman with the lowest ERA since the Lively Ball Era started (1.12 during his magnificent season of 1968). A superb athlete, he was a world-class fielder and a hitter with fine power (two seasons with 5 homers). As for the “Fall Classic,” he was the ultimate “big game” pitcher, setting records for consecutive wins (7), consecutive complete games (8), strikeouts in a game (17 in ‘68’s Game 1), and strikeouts in a series (35 in ’68). Member of three pennant-winners (1968 and the World Champions of 1964 and 1967). NL MVP (1968). Two-time NL Cy Young Award winner (1968, 1970). Nine-time Gold Glove Award winner (1965-73). Five-time STATS, Inc. NL Staff Pitcher (1966, 1968-70, 1972). Three-time Win Shares NL Pitcher of the Year Award winner (1968-70). Eight-time All-Star (1962, 1965-70, 1972). Two-time ML World Series MVP (1964, 1967). No-hit Game (1971). NL leader for ERA (1968), Wins (1970), WHIP 1968), Hits Allowed/9IP (1968), K (1968), CG (1969), SHO (1962, 1966, 1968, 1971), and Adj. ERA+ (1962, 1968).  Retired with the Cardinals’ franchise single-season records for WHIP (.853 in 1968), Hits Allowed/9IP (5.85 in 1968), K/9IP (8.39 in 1970), K (274 in 1970: modern record), SHO (13 in 1968), and SO to Walk (4.32 in 1968), as well as the career records for W (251), K/9IP (7.22), IP (3,884.3), GS (482), CG (255), and SHO (56).

Josh Gibson - 1952 – C
Homestead Grays (1929-31, 1937-40, 1942-46); Pittsburgh Crawfords (1932-36); Santo Domingo (1937); Mexican League (1940-41)
Cap: Homestead Grays
Considered by many to be the finest all-around catcher (major league or Negro League) of all-time, he was also the greatest Negro League slugger that entity ever produced (the white media dubbed him the “black Babe Ruth” because of his equally impressive tape-measure shots and for his way with a crowd). Possessing terrific power, great plate discipline and excellent contact ability, Gibson had no major weaknesses offensively at the bat and can be seriously argued as the greatest right-handed hitter of any generation. Despite his size, he was surprisingly a good baserunner. Defensively, he developed into a fine receiver in his prime with a powerful throwing arm. Member of nine Eastern winners (1930-31, 1937-39, 1942-45). Member of three East-West winners (1933-35). Six-time Fleet Walker Award (1936-37, 1939, 1943-44, 1946). Eastern leader for BA (1937), Homers (1937, 1939, 1942-46), HR/550 AB (1935-36, 1939, 1942-46), Doubles (1936, 1943, 1946) and Triples (1937-38, 1944). East-West leader for HR (1932-35) and Doubles (1932, 1934). MeL leader for HR (1941) and HR/550 AB (1940-41).  Thirteen-time All-Star (1931-33, 1935-39, 1942-46).

Jack Glasscock - 1904 - SS
15.0 seasons with: Cleveland (NL) 1879-84; Cincinnati (UA) 1884; St. Louis (NL) 1885-86, 92-93; Indianapolis (NL) 1887-89; New York (NL) 1890-91; Pittsburgh (NL) 1893-94; Louisville (NL) 1895; Washington (NL) 1895
Cap: Cleveland Blues (NL)
The best shortstop of the 1880’s, great combination of hitting and fielding (for the latter, he led his league in fielding percentage 6 times,  2 times in putouts, 6 times in assists, and 4 times in double plays). Won four Win Shares Gold Gloves (1881-83, 89), would have won a 5th if he didn’t split time between NL and UA in 1884.Hit .290/.337/.374 in leagues that were .262/.315/.356, outstanding offense from a Shortstop. Best years were 1882, ‘86 and ‘89 (over 30 WS each year). After moving to Pittsburgh in midseason 1893 he hit .341/.385/.451 over 66 games (league .283/.361/.386); fielding .934 at SS (league .897) as the Pirates made a run for the pennant. Career OWP .551. NL leader in BA (1890), Games (1881), Hits (1889-1890), Singles (1889) and AB/K (1886-87, 1890).

Joe Gordon – 1976 – 2B
10.2 seasons with: New York (AL) 1938-431946; Cleveland (AL) 1947-50
Cap: New York Yankees (AL)
Arguably the greatest ML second baseman at his peak during the forties, the good-natured “Flash” was a key part of the Yankee juggernaut from that period and also the Indians’ last World Series win. An exceptional defensive player, he performed as if he were a circus acrobat while manning the keystone sack and possessed great range (he led all AL second basemen in games and assists 4 times, total chances and double plays 3 times, and putouts once) . But as strong as his defensive credentials were, his offense was equally impressive for his position. Despite missing 2 years during WWII, the right-handed Gordon still retired with the most home runs (despite Yankee Stadium’s “Death Valley” and Cleveland Stadium holding back many a clout) for an AL second baseman in a career (246), as well as the AL season record (32 in 1948). Without a doubt, the offensive and defensive star for the Bronx Bombers against the National League Dodgers in ’41. Member of six pennant-winners (1942 and the World Champions of 1938-39, 1941, 1943, and 1948). AL MVP (1942). Five-time STATS, Inc. AL Second Baseman (1940-43, 1947). Four-time Win Shares AL Gold Glove Award (1938-40, 1943). Nine-time All-Star (1939-43, 1946-49). AL leader for Games (1940-41) and Power/Speed Number (1940).  He hit for the cycle in 1940.

George Gore - 1898 - CF/LF
11.6 seasons with: Chicago (NL) 1879-86; New York (NL) 1887-89, 91-92; NY (PL) 1890; St. Louis (NL) 1892
Cap: Chicago White Stockings (NL)
One of the game’s great 5-tool players, “Piano Legs” had no weaknesses. A terrific batter (.301 BA, 8 times over .300, and a 136 OPS+) with great strike zone judgment (.386 OBP), the left-handed lead-off hitter scored 100 or more runs 7 times. His best season was ‘80, greatly contributing to the White Stockings’ winning of the pennant by 15 games as he won the Sabermetric Triple Crown (leading the league in AVG-OBP-SLG). A great defensive center fielder, Gore’s speed helped his exceptional range and he had a fine arm. Earned 370 career WS, including seasons of 45, 43,  and 37 WS. 5-year run of 169 WS from 1882-86—which doesn’t include his best season. Retired with ML single-game records for most stolen bases (7 in 1881), extra-base hits (5 in 1885), and outfield assists (5); he went 6-for-6 in a 1880 game. Key contributor to teams that won pennants (1880-82, 1885-86, 1889). STATS, Inc. NL MVP (1880). Five-time STATS, Inc. Outfielder (1880, 1882-83, 1885-86). Win Shares NL Silver Slugger Award (1880). Seven-time Win Shares Gold Glove Award winner (1880-81, 1883, 1885-87, 1889). Eight times top-5 in his league in OBP.  Career OWP .690. NL leader in BA (1880), OBP (1880), SLG (1880), Runs (1881-82), BB (1882, 1884, 1886), OPS (1880), OPS+ (1880) and Times on Base (1880).

Goose Goslin - 1945 – LF/RF
11.5 seasons with: Washington (AL) 1921-30, 1933, 1938; St. Louis (AL) 1930-32; Detroit (AL) 1934-37
Cap: Washington Senators (AL)
Powerful, consistent and durable, the Goose was considered one of the greatest sluggers of his era (.316 BA, 11 seasons over .300, 11 times with at least 100 RBI and 7 times with 100 or more runs). Despite playing in spacious Griffith Field for a large portion of his career, the lefty Goslin still managed to have his presence known almost every year on the home run leaderboard. Defensively, he came to the majors with a very strong right arm; he led his league in assists three times and double plays twice. The Senators’ hitting star of the 1924 World Series. Member of five pennant winners (1925, 1933, 1934 and the World Champions of 1924 and 1935). Five-time STATS, Inc. AL Outfielder (1924, 1926, 1928, 1930, 1936). Win Shares AL Gold Glove Award winner (1925). AL All-Star (1936). AL leader for RBI (1924), Triples (1923, 1925), Power/Speed Number (1925, 1928, 1930) and BA (1928). Retired with the Senator career records for slugging percentage (.502), homers (127), OPS+ (131) and power/speed number (121.3); as well as the Senator single-season records for batting average (.379 in 1928), slugging percentage (.614 in ’28), total bases (329 in ’25), homers (18 in ’25), triples (20 in ’25), RBI (129 in ’24), XBH (72 in ’25) and power/speed number (21.6 in ’25).

Rich Gossage – 2000 – RP
Chicago (AL) 1972-76; Pittsburgh (NL) 1977; New York (AL) 1978-83, 1989; San Diego (NL) 1984-87; Chicago (NL) 1988; San Francisco (NL) 1989; Texas (AL) 1991; Oakland (AL) 1992-93; Seattle (AL) 1994
Cap: New York Yankees (AL)
Recognized by many as the most intimidating hurler in the game during his prime, the “Goose” retired as the Yankee’s finest ever relief pitcher. With his blazing fastball and hard-as-nails exterior, the right-handed fireman finished his career with 310 saves, a 126 ERA+, 115 relief wins, 1,002 games pitched and 681 games finished, having worn the uniform of ten different franchises. Gossage saved 20 or more games 10 times (twice reaching the 30 mark). He was especially hard on right-handed batters, who were only able to muster a puny .211 BA through his 22 year career. His best season may have been his stint with the Pirates in 1977 when he compiled a 1.62 ERA, 246 ERA+, 26 saves and 151 strikeouts in 133 IP. Member of two division leaders (1980 and 1992) and four pennant-winners (1981, 1984, 1989 and the World Champions of 1978); his postseason record includes 8 saves, 29 K’s and a 2.87 ERA in 31.3 IP. AL Rolaids Relief Award winner (1978). Three-time STATS, Inc. AL Relief Pitcher (1975, 1978, 1980). Nine-time All-Star (1975-78, 1980-82, 1984-85). AL leader for S (1975, 1978, 1980) and GF (1978). Retired with the Yankees’ franchise career records for ERA (2.14), WHIP (1.079), HA/9IP (6.59), K/9IP (8.65), S (151) and Adj. ERA+ (180).

Frank Grant - 1926 - 2B
Meriden (EL) 1886; Buffalo (IL) 1886-88; Cuban Giants (1889, 1891-97, 1899) Harrisburg (MSL); New York Gorhams (1891); Colored Capital All-Americans (1891); New York Big Gorhams (1891); Page Fence Giants (1891); Cuban X-Giants (1899); Philadelphia Giants (1902-03); Genuine Cuban Giants (1905)
Cap: Cuban Giants
Considered the greatest African-American player of the 19th century, “Jim Crow” still couldn’t deny Grant’s rightful place in baseball history. Segregation ended his impressive start in the white minor leagues, but “The Black Fred Dunlap” still was able to play his exciting brand of baseball for the new Negro League teams of the nineties. An amazing all-around talent, he was a fine contact hitter with impressive power. His speed was utilized on the basepaths and in the field for excellent results. Member of seven Eastern winners (1891, 1893, 1896, 1898-1900, 1903) and one Western champion (1897).

Hank Greenberg - 1953 – 1B/LF
8.1 seasons with: Detroit (AL) 1930, 1933-41, 1945-46; Pittsburg (NL) 1947
Cap: Detroit Tigers (AL)
A potent bat for his era (.313/.412/.605), “Hammerin’ Hank” was one of the greatest right-handed hitters ever (he left the game with the AL career record for RBI per game with a .947 mark), despite WWII and injuries shortening his career. A line-drive hitter with tremendous power plus patience at the plate, he almost broke Babe Ruth’s record in ’38 with 58 homers. He led AL first basemen in putouts and assist twice, not to mention fielding percentage once. Greenberg was also one of the greatest World Series performers at the plate, while his grand slam on the last day of the season helped win the pennant for the Tigers in 1945. Member of four pennant winners (1934, 1940 and the World Champs of 1935 and 1945). Two-time AL MVP (1935, 1940).  Two-time STATS, Inc. AL First Baseman (1935, 1946). Two-time STATS, Inc. Outfielder (1940, 1945). Two-time Win Shares AL Gold Glove winner (1938, 1946). Five-time All-Star (1937-40, 1945). AL leader for SLG (1940), OPS (1940), Doubles (1935, 1940), Runs (1938), RBI (1935, 1937, 1940, 1946), BB (1938), Total Bases (1935, 1940), HR (1935, 1938, 1940, 1946) and XBH (1934-35, 1937, 1940). NL leader for BB (1947).  Retired with the Tigers’ season records for SLG (.683 in 1938), TB (397 in 1937), 2B (63 in 1934), HR (58 in 1938), XBH (103 in 1937) and RBI (183 in 1937); as well as the Tigers’ career records for SLG (.616) and HR (306).

Bobby Grich  - 1992 – 2B/SS
12.8 seasons with: Baltimore (AL) 1970-76; California (AL) 1977-86
Cap: California Angels (AL)
The best all-around second baseman in the American League during the 1970s and the first few years of the 1980s, Grich’s skills were multidimensional on both offense and defense. An outstanding fielder accomplished on the double play with a strong arm and covering much turf at his position, soft hands allowed him to leave the game with the major league single-season record for fielding percentage with his .997 in 1985. Manning the keystone sack (he set an AL record there with his 484 putouts in 1974), he led all AL second basemen in putouts 4 times, games, double plays and assists 3 times, and fielding percentage twice. An infielder that could hit like a corner outfielder or first baseman, the right-handed Grich was the second player at his position to lead the AL in homeruns (22 in 1981) and notched a 125 OPS+ for his career (extremely rare for a player at a premium defensive position) by the combination of his power (224 career homers) and ability to get on base (.371 OBP). Member of five division-winners (1973, 1974, 1979, 1982, 1986). Four-time AL Gold Glove Award winner (1973-76). AL Silver Slugger Award-2B (1981). Five-time STATS, Inc. AL Second Baseman (1976, 1979, 1981-83). Four-time Win Shares AL Gold Glove Award winner (1973-76). Six-time All-Star (1972, 1974, 1976, 1979-80, 1982). AL leader for SLG (1981), G (1973), HR (1981), Adj. OPS+ (1981), HBP (1974), and AB/HR (1981). Retired with the Orioles’ franchise single-season record for HBP (20 in 1974), as well as the Angels’ career records for BB (630) and Sac. Hits (78).

Clark Griffith – 1971 – P
St. Louis (AA) 1891; Boston (AA) 1891; Chicago (NL) 1893-1900; Chicago (AL) 1901-02; New York (AL) 1903-07; Cincinnati (NL) 1909; Washington (AL) 1912-14
Cap: Chicago Colts (NL)
As artful a player ever seen on a pitchers mound, the “Old Fox” (he was given that sobriquet while still in his twenties) was a star pitcher during the 1890’s and 1900’s.  A master at messing with his opponents’ minds, the right-hander had in his bag of tricks a screwball, a spitball, a scuff ball (he was one of the first to use all three of those pitches professionally), and quick pitches.  A 200-game winner, he won 20 games seven times throughout his career (six years consecutively from 1894 to 1899; he also recorded a .619 lifetime winning percentage. Member of one pennant-winner in the inaugural season of the American League in 1901. STATS, Inc. NL Staff Pitcher (1898). STATS, Inc. AL Staff Pitcher (1901). NL leader for ERA (1898), Won-Loss Percentage (1901), Complete Games (1897), Shutouts (1900), Games Finished (1891), and Adjusted ERA+ (1898). AL leader for Shutouts (1901) and Games Finished (1905-06).

Heinie Groh - 1938 – 3B/2B
11.0 seasons with: New York (NL) 1912-13, 1922-26; Cincinnati (NL) 1913-1921; Pittsburgh (NL) 1927
Cap: Cincinnati Reds (NL)
Armed with his famous “bottle bat,” the right-handed Groh was the NL’s finest all-around third baseman of the Deadball Era. His keen eye at the plate was instrumental for his standout leadoff skills, while he could deftly drop a bunt or execute a proper hit-and-run for his teams’ cause. One of the most sure-handed at his position in baseball history, he led the NL more times (5) in fielding percentage than any other third baseman; he also led his league in putouts three times and double plays seven times (another NL record). Retired with the major league record for highest fielding percentage for a season (.983 in 1924), as well as the NL record for fewest errors, 140 or more games (7 in 1924). Member of five pennant winners (1923, 1924, 1927, as well as the world champion 1919 and 1922 teams; he hit .474 in the World Series for the latter team). Four-time STATS, Inc. NL Third Baseman (1915, 1917-19). Win Shares NL MVP (1918). Win Shares NL Silver Slugger winner (1918). Three-time Win Shares NL Gold Glove winner (1915, 1919-20). NL leader for OPS (1919), Games (1915, 1917), Runs (1918), Hits (1917), Doubles (1917-18), Walks (1916), HBP (1914, 1924), OBP (1917-18) and Times on Bases (1917-18).

Lefty Grove - 1947 – P
Philadelphia (AL) 1925-33; Boston (AL) 1934-41
Cap: Philadelphia Athletics (AL)
The HoM’s sixth unanimous inductee! The greatest left-handed pitcher of all-time (despite climbing to the majors at the age of 25), Grove was extremely temperamental and brilliant all at the same time. Throwing BB’s with his world-class fastball, the 300-winner (exactly!) used more guile than power (plus developing his curveball and forkball) to stay among the elites as he matured. Retired with the AL record for consecutive games won (16 in 1931; he won 31 games that year), the most seasons leading the AL in ERA and ERA+ (9) and the major league record for consecutive home wins (20 – 1938-41). Member of three pennant winners (1931 and the World Champs of 1929 and 1930).  AL MVP (1931). Two-time AL Pitching Triple Crown (1930-31). STATS, Inc. AL MVP (1930). Five-time STATS, Inc. AL Pitcher of the Year (1928, 1930-33). Eleven-time STATS, Inc. AL Staff Pitcher (1927-33, 1935-37, 1939). Win Shares AL MVP (1931). Seven-time Win Shares AL Pitcher of the Year (1928-32, 1934, 1936). Six-time All-Star (1933, 1935-39). AL leader for ERA (1926, 1929-32, 1935-36, 1938-39), ERA+ (1926, 1929-32, 1935-36, 1938-39), W (1928, 1930-31, 1933), W-L % (1930-31, 1933, 1938), WHIP (1930-32, 1935-36), HA (1926), K/9IP (1925-27, 1929-30), G (1930), S (1930), K (1925-31), GS (1929), CG (1929-31) and SHO (1931-32, 1936). In addition, he retired with the A’s season club records for W-L % (.886 in 1931) and ERA+ (219 in 1931), as well at the A’s’ career records for W-L % (.712), ERA+ (152) and S (51).

Tony Gwynn – 2007 – RF/CF
15.4 seasons with: San Diego (NL) 1982-2001
Cap: San Diego Padres (NL)
The most successful hitter for average of his generation and possibly of all-time (his .394 in 1994 was the highest seasonal average since 1941 and, outside of his rookie season, Gwynn finished every season of his career above .300), “Mr. Padre” was San Diego’s most popular player and had the most career value in their history. With an exceptional .338 lifetime average with more than 3,000 hits and a 132 OPS+ during his career, the left-handed “Captain Video” (he was an early proponent of studying video tape to help his hitting) only struck out once every 21 at bats, reached base at a clip of .400 or better 6 times and slugged over .500 4 times. He also compiled over 200 hits 5 times, had two seasons each with over 100 runs scored or 40 doubles and once drove in over 100 RBI. Not one to neglect the glove at the expense of the bat, he was considered an elite player on the field (he led NL right fielders 4 times in putouts and twice each in games, assists and double plays.) A member of one division-winner (1996) and two pennant-winners (1984 and 1998; he hit .371 in the World Series). Seven-time NL Silver Slugger-OF (1984, 1986-87, 1989, 1994-95, 1997). Five-time NL Gold Glove Award winner (1986-87, 1989-91). Three-time STATS, Inc. NL Outfielder (1984, 1994, 1997). Win Shares NL MVP (1987). Two-time Win Shares NL Silver Slugger Award (1984, 1987). Win Shares NL Gold Glove Award (1989). Fifteen-time All-Star (1984-87, 1989-99). NL leader for BA (1984, 1987-89, 1994-97; his 8 titles are a NL record), OBP (1994), AB (1986), R (1986), H (1984, 1986-87, 1989, 1994-5, 1997), 1B (1984, 1986-87, 1989, 1994-95, 1997; he led this category a NL record 7 times), TOB (1987), Sac. Flies (1997) and AB/K (1984, 1989-92, 1994-98). Retired with the Padres’ single-season records for BA (.394 in 1994) OBP (.454 in 1994), H (220 in 1997), 1B (177 in 1984), 2B (49 in 1997), 3B (13 in 1987), TOB (303 in 1987), Sac. Flies (12 in 1997), IBB (26 in 1987) and AB/K (35.7 in 1995), as well as the career records for BA (.338), G (2,440), AB (9,288), PA (10,232), R (1,383), H (3,141), TB (4,259), 1B (2,378), 2B (543), 3B (85), RBI (1,138), BB (790), SB (319), XBH (763), TOB (3,955), Sac. Flies (85), IBB (203), Power/Speed Number (189.7) and AB/K (21.4).

Stan Hack - 1958– 3B
12.6 seasons with: Chicago (NL) 1932-47
Cap: Chicago Cubs (NL)
A fan favorite at Wrigley Field, “Smiling Stan” was the best all-around third baseman of his time in the major leagues. Not a power hitter, the left-handed Hack slashed line drives instead. A leadoff hitter, his contact abilities(a .301 career BA and 6 times over .300), plate discipline (.394 OBP), and speed kept him constantly in scoring position (he scored over 100 runs seven times). A fine, graceful glove man, Hack led the NL five times in putouts, four times in double plays, and twice leading his league in fielding average and assists. One of the most durable men to play his position, he left the game tied for the most seasons playing third (16). Member of four pennant winners (1932, 1935, 1938, 1945). Four-time STATS, Inc. NL Third Baseman (1935-36, 1941-42). Win Shares NL MVP (1945). Three-time Win Shares NL Gold Glove Award winner (1934, 1937-38). Five-time All-Star (1938-39, 1941, 1943, 1945). NL leader for Games (1938), Hits (1940-41), Runs (1937), Stolen Bases (1938-39), Singles (1941, 1945) and Times on Base (1938, 1940-41). Retired with the Cubs’ career records for BB (8,506).

Billy Hamilton - 1907 - CF/LF/RF
11.5 seasons with: Kansas City (AA) 1888-89; Philadelphia (NL) 1890-95; Boston (NL) 1896-1901
Cap: Philadelphia Phillies (NL)
The greatest baserunner of the 19th Century, “Sliding Billy” is also considered the greatest leadoff man and run-scorer of his time (retiring with the highest OBP of .455 and batted .344). He was also an adept fielder who was equipped with a strong arm (he led NL outfielders in putouts once). Major league records: the career record for runs scored per game (1.06), as well as the single-season records for runs scored (192 in 1894), runs per game (1.49 in 1894: mininum 100 games) and times on base (355 in 1894). Retired with the major league career records for stolen bases (912) and walks (1,187). Member of two pennant winners (1897-98) and one Temple Cup winner (1897), he was also part of the greatest outfield of the 19th century (the 1892-95 Phillies). Career OWP .751. Two-time STATS, Inc. NL MVP (1891, 1898). Six-time STATS, Inc. NL Outfielder (1891-94, 1897-98). Win Shares NL MVP (1891). Win Shares Silver Slugger Award winner (1891). Two-time Win Shares Gold Glove winner (1897, 1900). NL leader for ops (1893, 1898), Adjusted OPS+ (1893, 1898), Hits (1891), Walks (1891, 1894-97), Stolen Bases (1890-91, 1894-95), OBP (1891, 1893-94, 1896, 1898), Times on Bases (1891, 1894, 1896-97), Singles (1890-92, 1894) and BA (1891). AA leader for Stolen Bases (1889). 

Gabby Hartnett - 1947 – C
12.9 seasons with: Chicago (NL) 1922-40; New York (NL) 1941
Cap: Chicago Cubs (NL)
The greatest NL catcher of his era and possibly of all-time from the senior circuit, Hartnett was a brilliant practitioner behind the plate and was one of the mightiest backstops with a bat in his hands. The left-handed slugger showed catchers what could be done with the new offensive weapon (the home run - 236 for his career) during the “Roaring Twenties” and Great Depression years. With the “tools of ignorance” strapped on him, he led NL catchers seven times in double plays, six times in assists, four times in putouts and six times in FA. Hartnett was also durable enough to catch 100 games 12 times during his long career. His most memorable game was Hartnett’s ”Homer in the Gloamin’,” which helped his Cubs grab the pennant in ’38 via a 2-out clout in the bottom of the 9th.  Member of four pennant winners (1929, 1932, 1935 and 1938).  Retired with the major league records for most career homers for a catcher (236), most homers for a catcher in a season (37 in 1930), most consecutive chances without an error (452), and the most career NL putouts (7,292) and chances accepted (8,546). NL MVP (1935). Ten-time STATS, Inc. NL Catcher (1924-25, 1927-28, 1930-31, 1933-35, 1937). Seven-time Win Shares NL Gold Glove winner (1927-28, 1930, 1933-35, 1937). Six-time All-Star (1933-38). In addition, he also retired with the Cubs’ club record for most career homers (231).

Harry Heilmann - 1937 – RF/1B
14.1 seasons with: Detroit (AL) 1914, 1916-29; Cincinnati (NL) 1930, 1932 
Cap: Detroit Tigers (AL)
A tremendous right-handed line drive hitter (148 OPS+ with a batting line of .342/.410/.520), Heilmann had the unique achievement of winning the batting title four times in alternate years (including .403 in 1923) during the “Roaring Twenties.” Each of his batting titles were contested down to the wire, but he held on to beat four of baseball’s greatest hitters (Cobb, Ruth, Speaker and Simmons). 12 times with at least a .300 average, the right-handed Heilmann drove in 100 or more runs 8 times, scored at least 100 runs 4 times and 200 hits 4 times. Though affectionately nicknamed “Slug” for his lack of speed, his power allowed him to give his teams many doubles (542 career with 40 8 times) and triples, as well as homers. He led AL outfielders in assists once. Seven-time STATS, Inc. AL Outfielder (1921, 1923-27, 29). Win Shares AL Silver Slugger Award (1925). AL leader for Hits (1921), Doubles (1924), Times on Bases (1925) and Batting Average (1921, 1923, 1925, 1927). Retired with the Tigers single-season club records for slugging percentage (.632 in 1923), doubles (50 in 1927) and RBI (139 in 1921), as well as the career Tigers club records for homers (164), home run % (2.25), isolated power (.175) and slugging percentage (.518).

Rickey Henderson – 2009 – LF/CF/DH
19.7 seasons with: Oakland (AL) 1979-84, 1989-95, 1998; New York (AL) 1985-89; Toronto (AL) 1993; San Diego (NL) 1996, 2001; Anaheim (AL) 1997; New York (NL) 1999-2000; Boston (AL) 2002; Los Angeles (NL) 2003
Cap: Oakland A’s (AL)
The greatest and most prolific base stealer in baseball history (he holds the ML career record for stolen bases with 1,406 and the single-season record with 130 in 1982). “The Man of Steal” is also acclaimed as the finest leadoff batter in ML history due to his unique combination of excellence in both reaching base and for his ability to advance once there. He retired with the career records for both runs (2,295) and walks (2,190), as well as career leadoff home runs (81), while compiling 3,055 hits, and a career OBP of .401. His speed was an asset in the field and blessed with fine hands (he entertained fans with his famous “snatch catch”), Henderson led left fielders in putouts 4 times, both games and fielding percentage twice and double plays once. A member of two wild cards (1999 and 2000), three division-winners (1981, 1992 and 1996) and three pennant-winners (1990 and the World Champions of 1989 and 1993). AL MVP (1990). ALCS MVP (1989). AL Gold Glove (1981). Three-time AL Silver Slugger-OF (1981, 1985 and 1990). Eight-time STATS, Inc. AL Outfielder (1980-81, 1983-86, 1989-90). Three-time Win Shares AL MVP (1981, 1985, 1990). Three-time Win Shares AL Silver Slugger Award (1981, 1985, 1990). Three-time Win Shares AL Gold Glove Award (1980-81, 1986). Eleven-time All-Star (1980, 1982-91). AL leader for OBP (1990), OPS (1990), R (1981, 1985-86, 1989-90), H (1981), BB (1982-83, 1989, 1998), SB (1980-86, 1988-91, 1998), Adj. OPS+ (1990), RC (1990), Adj. BtRuns (1990), BtWins (1990), TOB (1980). OWP (1990), Power/Speed Number (1985-86, 1990, 1993). Retired with the A’s’ career records for R (1,270), BB (1,227), SB (867), RC (1,264), TOB (3,050) and Power/Speed Number (280.1), as well as the Yankees’ single-season records for SB (93 in 1988) and Power/Speed Number (42.4 in 1986) and their career record for SB (326).

Billy Herman - 1958 – 2B
12.5 seasons with: Chicago (NL) 1931-41; Brooklyn (NL) 1941-43, 1946; Boston (NL) 1946; Pittsburgh (NL) 1947
Cap: Chicago Cubs (NL)
The outstanding NL second baseman of his time, many credited as one of the finest #2 hitters of all-time (.304 BA and batted .300 7 times). The right-handed Herman was a master at hitting behind the runner; he was acknowledged as a fantastic hit-and-run man. A terrific fielder, he shared the NL second baseman record for most years leading the league in putouts (seven); he also led the NL at his position four times in double plays and three times in fielding percentage and assists. Other fielding records: in 1933, he set the NL season record for putouts (466), tied the NL record for most 2B putouts in a game (11), established a ML record 5 seasons with at least 900 chances at second base, and the ML record for most putouts in a doubleheader (16).  A stellar All-Star hitter, he had a .433 batting average for that exhibition. Member of four pennant winners (1932, 1935 (he led both teams with 6 ribbies), 1938, 1941). STATS Inc. Rookie of the Year (1932). Eight-time STATS, Inc. NL Second Baseman (1932, 1935-39, 1941, 1943). Two-time Win Shares NL Gold Glove Award winner (1935, 1938). Ten-time All-Star (1934-43). NL leader for Games (1932, 1938, 1948), Hits (1935), Doubles (1935), Triples (1939) and Sacrifice Hits (1935). Retired with the Cubs’ season records for AB (666 in 1935) and Doubles (57 in 1935 and 1936).

Keith Hernandez  - 1996 – 1B
13.4 seasons with: St. Louis (NL) 1974-83; New York (NL) 1983-89; Cleveland (AL) 1990
Cap: St. Louis Cardinals (NL)
Acclaimed by many as the greatest fielding first baseman ever, the non-Mexican “Mex’s” glovework left his fans breathless. Terrific and a notch above everyone on bunt attempts, his great range and good hands made him into a defensive force (he led NL first basemen once in games, 4 times in putouts, 5 times in assists, twice in fielding percentage and a ML record 6 times in double plays, not to mention the ML record for career assists (1,682)). With a bat, the left-handed line-drive hitter was a quality contact hitter (a six-time .300 hitter) and selective at the plate (6 times with at least a .400 OBP) who was skilled at working the count (in the clutch, he owns the ML record for game-winning RBI in a single-season (24 in 1985); he also hit .315 with men on base) and career (129). His leadership skills were so valued by the Mets that he became their team captain in 1987. He hit for the cycle in 1985. Member of one division-winner (1988) and two pennant-winners (the World Champions of 1982 and 1986). NL co-MVP (1979). Two-time NL Silver Slugger-1B (1980, 1984). Eleven-time NL Gold Glove Award winner (1978-88). Five-time STATS, Inc. NL First Baseman (1979-81, 1984, 1986). Win Shares NL Gold Glove Award (1985). Five-time All-Star (1979-80, 1984, 1986-87). NL leader for BA (1979), OBP (1980), R (1979-80), 2B (1979), BB (1986), Times on Base (1980, 1982) and IBB (1982). Retired with the Mets’ franchise single-season record for BB (97 in 1984), as well as the career records for BA (.297) and OBP (.387).

Pete Hill - 1927 - CF/LF
Pittsburgh Keystones (1899-00); Cuban X-Giants (1901-03); Philadelphia Giants (1904-07); Chicago Leland Giants (1907-10); Chicago American Giants (1911-18); Detroit Stars 1919-21); Milwaukee Bears (1923); Baltimore Black Sox (1924-25)
Cap: Chicago American Giants
One of the most outstanding hitters in Negro League history and its first great outfielder, the left-handed Hill was a line-drive batter who hit righties and lefties equally well to all fields. He was also a standout defensive player and a smart, unsettling speedster on the bases. Three-time batting champ (1906, 1910, 1919). He was credited with the remarkable achievement of hitting safely in 115 of 116 games. Member of five Eastern league pennant winners (1903-1906, 1908) and one Western league winner (1910). Two-time Fleet Walker Award winner (1906, 1913). Six-time Holway Western All-Star (1910, 1912-13, 1916, 1919, 1921).

Paul Hines - 1898 - CF/1B
18.7 seasons with: Washington (NA) 1872-73; Chicago (NA: 1874-75; NL: 1876-77); Providence (NL) 1878-85; Washington (NL) 1886-87; Indianapolis (NL) 1888-89; Pittsburgh (NL) 1890; Boston (NL) 1890; Washington (AA) 1891
Cap: Providence Grays (NL)
The first man to win the triple crown, Hines played exceptionally well offensively and defensively for a very long time. The first National Leaguer to win back-to-back batting titles (1878-79), the right-handed slugger hit .302 (11 seasons over .300) with an OPS+ of 131. Hines also earned 419 WS in 14.7 non-NA seasons, including 181 from 1878-82. An outstanding defensive player noted for his range and spectacular running catches (he led his leagues once in double plays and fielding percentage twice), he’s credited with the first unassisted triple play in a game in 1878. Retired with the ML career records for OF games (1,376), CF games (1,303), and double plays (56). Key member of three pennant winners (1876, 79 and the World Champions of 1884); also with the Providence teams that were runner-ups to the great Chicago squad (1880-82). NL Triple Crown (1878). STATS, Inc. NL MVP (1878). Five-time STATS, Inc. NL Outfielder (1876, 1878-79, 1882, 1884). Three-time Win Shares NL Silver Slugger Award (1878-79, 1884). Seven-time Win Shares NL Gold Glove Award winner (1876, 1879-84). Career OWP (.663). NL leader in SLG (1878), 2B (1876, 1881, 1884), OPS (1878), Games (1879), AB (1879), Hits (1879), TB (1878-79), HR (1878), RBI (1878), Singles (1879), AB/HR (1878), and Times on Base (1879).

Rogers Hornsby - 1941 – 2B/SS/3B
14.9 seasons with: St. Louis (NL) 1915-26, 1933; New York (NL) 1927; Boston (NL) 1928; Chicago (NL) 1929-32; St. Louis (AL) 1933-37
Cap: St. Louis Cardinals (NL)
The greatest second baseman of his time, the Rajah is considered the best right-handed batter in baseball history. A line-drive hitter with considerable power, he was speedy running down the line to first or for extra bases. He led NL second basemen in putouts twice, assists twice, and double plays three times, while leading NL shortstops in double plays once. Retired with numerous records including the major league second base career records for HR (264), the highest lifetime BA for a right-hander (.358), as well as the single-season second base records for BA (.424 in ‘24), hits (250 in ‘22), HR (42 in ’24), RBI (152 in ’22), OBP (.507 in ’24) and runs (156 in ’29). Member of two pennant winners (1929 and the World Champions of 1926). NL MVP (1925, 1929). STATS, Inc. Rookie of the Year (1916). STATS, Inc NL Third Baseman (1916). Two-time STATS, Inc NL Shortstop (1917-18). Nine-time STATS, Inc NL Second Baseman (1921-29). Four-time STATS, Inc. NL MVP (1917, 1920-22).  Seven-time Win Shares NL MVP (1920-22, 1924-25, 1927, 1929). Nine-time Win Shares NL Silver Slugger winner (1917, 1920-22, 1924-25, 1927-29). Two-time Win Shares NL Gold Glove winner (1921, 1929). Triple Crown (1922, 1925). NL leader for OPS (1917, 1920-25, 1927-29, 1931), OPS+ (1917, 1919-25, 1927-29, 1931), Runs (1921-22, 1924, 1927, 1929), RBI (1920-22, 1925), Hits (1920-22, 1924), BB (1924, 1927-28), Stolen Bases (1890-91, 1894-95), OBP (1920-25, 1927-28, 1931), SLG (1917, 1920-25, 1928-29), Games (1921, 1927, 1929), Times on Bases (1917, 1920-22, 1924-25, 1929), Doubles (1920-22, 1924), Triples (1917, 1921), HR (1922, 1925), XBH (1920-22, 1924-25, 1927), Power/Speed Number (1922) and BA (1920-25, 1928). 

Carl Hubbell - 1949 – P
New York (NL) 1928-43
Cap: New York Giants (NL)
The greatest NL hurler of the thirties, “King Carl” was a true virtuoso on the hill. The lefty pitcher became the Giants’ “Meal Ticket” due to his utilization of the demanding screwball. Sporting an unhurried, cartwheel like delivery, he set the major league record for most wins over two seasons (24 in 1936-37). His most famous pitching moment was his striking out all-times greats Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Jimmie Foxx, Al Simmons and Joe Cronin during the ’34 All-Star Game (he wound up with a record six strikeouts for that game). Retired with the NL records for consecutive scoreless innings (46 in1933) and the Giants’ franchise record for career saves (33). Member of three pennant winners (1936, 1937 and the World Champs of 1933). NL MVP (1933, 1936). Seven-time STATS, Inc. NL Pitcher (1930, 1932-37). Two-time STATS, Inc NL Pitcher of the Year (1933, 1936). Two-time Win Shares NL Pitcher of the Year (1933, 1936). Win Shares NL MVP (1936). Nine-time All-Star (1933-38, 1940-42). No-hit game (1928). NL leader for ERA (1933-34, 1936), ERA+ (1933-34, 1936), Wins (1933, 1936-37), Won-Loss % (1936), (BB + H)/9IP (1931-34, 1936, 1938), Hits Allowed/9IP (1931, 1934, 1936), Bases on Balls/9IP (1934), Strikeouts/9IP (1938), Saves (1934), Innings (1933), Strikeouts (1937), Complete Games (1934) and Shutouts (1933). 

Monte Irvin – 1963 – CF/LF/SS/3B
Newark Eagles (1937-42, 1945-48); Mexican League (1942); New York (NL) 1949-56
Cap: Newark Eagles
An all-star of the Negro Leagues and the major leagues, Irvin was a multi-talented player of the first ranks at his peak. A right-handed slugger, he combined a high-average, power, speed, and plate discipline offensively (his great season at the plate in the NeL was in 1941, while his finest NL season at bat occurred 10 years later). A brilliant defensive player who threw very well, he was a versatile performer, but his best position was center field. The slugging star of the 1946 Negro World Series, he hit .462 with 3 homers and 8 RBI; he batted .458 in the 1951 World Series. A man of impeccable character, many felt his temperament and play should have made him the first African-American to break the color barrier in the major leagues. Member of three pennant-winners (1951, the NeL Champions of 1946, and the World Series champions of 1954). Fleet Walker Award (1941). Rube Foster Award (1946). MeL MVP (1942). Triple Crown (1942). STATS, Inc. NL Outfielder (1951). Five-time NeL All-Star (1939-41, 1946-47). ML All-Star (1952). NeL Eastern leader for HR (1941). MeL leader for BA, HR, RBI and HR/550 AB in 1942. NL leader for RBI (1951).

Joe Jackson - 1927 - RF/LF/CF
11.5 seasons with: Philadelphia(AL) 1908-09; Cleveland (AL) 1910-15; Chicago (AL) 1915-20
Cap: Cleveland Naps
One of the three best outfielders of the Teens, the left-handed Jackson was also one of the greatest hitters of all-time (.356 BA).  A natural hitter, his “Black Betsy” (the name given to his bat) created a reign of terror for opposing pitchers and fielders during the Deadball Era. Though overshadowed by his slugging, he was more than adequate as a ball hawk and baserunner. Tied for the AL record for the most steals of home (2) in a game (1912) and triples for a season (26 in 1912). Member of two pennant winners (1919 and the World Series champs of 1917). STATS, Inc. Rookie of the Year (1911). Siix-time STATS, Inc. Outfielder (1911-13, 1916, 1919-20). AL leader for OPS (1913), Hits (1912, 1913), Total Bases (1912, 1916), Doubles (1913), Triples (1912, 1916, 1920), OBP (1911), Slugging % (1913), Times on Bases (1913), and Extra Base Hits (1916).

Reggie Jackson  - 1993 – RF/DH/CF
17.8 seasons with: Kansas City/Oakland (AL) 1967-75, 1987; Baltimore (AL) 1976; New York (AL) 1976-81; California (AL) 1982-86
Cap: Oakland Athletics (AL)
Though he may have been the greatest all-around right fielder of the ‘70s, the flamboyant “Mr. October’s” greatest claim to fame was what he did during the Fall Classic. With 10 World Series clouts, 24 RBI and a batting line of .357/.457/.755 (the latter figure a record he retired with) in 27 games, his most memorable game was Game Six of the ’77 Series when he tied the record for most homers with 3 (in that same series, he established the records for most homers with 5 and most dingers consecutively with 4). A very strong and muscular player who hit titanic home runs (including his ’71 All-Star Game blast that only stayed inside Tiger Stadium because it hit a light tower), the left-handed slugger hit 30 or more bombs 7 times (twice over forty and 563 career), 10 times with over a .500 SLG, drove in 100 or more runs 6 times (1,703 career) and had a career OPS+ of 139 with 1,551 runs scored. Glovework-wise, he led his AL right field contemporaries 5 times in putouts, 3 times in games, and twice in assists and double plays. Member of five division-winners (1971, 1975, 1980, 1982, 1986) and six pennant-winners (1981 and the World Champions of 1972-74 and 1977-78). AL MVP (1973). Two-time ML-WS MVP (1973, 1977). Two-time AL Silver Slugger Award (1980-DH, 1982-OF). Eight-time STATS, Inc. AL Outfielder (1969, 1973-77, 1980, 1982). Two-time Win Shares AL MVP (1969, 1973). Two-time Win Shares AL Silver Slugger Award (1969, 1973). Fourteen-time All-Star (1969, 1971-75, 1977-84). AL leader for SLG (1969, 1973, 1976), OPS (1969, 1973), R (1969, 1973), HR (1973, 1975, 1980, 1982), RBI (1973), Adj. OPS+ (1969, 1973-74, 1976), XBH (1969, 1975), IBB (1969, 1974), Power/Speed (1973-74, 1976), and AB/HR (1973, 1980, 1982). Retired with the Athletics’ franchise single-season record for IBB (20 in 1969), as well as the career records for IBB (84) and Power/Speed Number (188.4).

Fergie Jenkins – 1990 – P
Philadelphia (NL) 1965-66; Chicago (NL) 1966-73, 1982-83; Texas (AL) 1974-75, 1978-81; Boston (AL) 1976-77
Cap: Chicago Cubs (NL)
The first Canadian player to be honored by the Hall of Merit, “Fly” had the greatest strikeout-to-walk ratio of any pitcher of his generation (3.202) while winning 284 games (7 times in all with at least 20 and 6 of them consecutively from 1967 to 1972). Utilizing his best pitches (a hard slider and an excellent sinker), the right-handed control pitcher and workhorse was able to strike out tons of batters (3,192 and 6 seasons with at least 200) with pinpoint control and changing speeds (the only member of the 3,000 K club with less than 1,000 walks). Ferguson was one of a small group of moundsmen with 100 wins in both leagues. NL Cy Young Award winner (1971). Two-time STATS, Inc. NL Staff Pitcher (1970-71). STATS, Inc. AL Staff Pitcher (1974). NL Win Shares Pitcher of the Year (1971). Three-time All-Star (1967, 1971-72). NL leader for W (1971), WHIP (1970), BB/9IP (1970-71), IP (1971), K (1969), GS (1968-69, 1971), CG (1967, 1970-71), and SO to Walk (1969-71). AL leader in Wins (1974), BB/9IP (1974-75, 1978), CG (1974), and SO to Walk (1974, 1978). Retired with the Cubs’ franchise single-season records for K (modern record: 274 in 1970), and SO to Walk (7.11 in 1971); the Cubs’ career records for K/9IP (6.86), K (2,038), GS (347), and SHO (modern record: 3.40); the Rangers single-season records (all set in 1974) for W (25), WHIP (1.008), BB/9IP (1.23), IP (328.3), K (225), GS (41), CG (29), SHO (6), and SO to Walk (5.00); as well as the Ranger career records for W (93), W-L% (.564), WHIP (1.173), BB/9IP (2.01), IP (1,410.3), K (895), GS (190), CG (90), and SHO (17).

Hughie Jennings – 1960 – SS/1B
9.2 seasons with: Louisville (AA/NL) 1891-93; Baltimore (NL) 1893-99; Brooklyn (NL) 1899-1900, 1903; Philadelphia (NL) 1901-02; Detroit (AL) 1907, 1909, 1912, 1918
Cap: Baltimore Orioles (NL)
As dominating a player that you could find, the man that shouted “Ee-Yah” beat you any which way. A fine batsman, the right-handed Jennings could hit for average (a career .311 batter, he owns the record for shortstops at .401 in 1896) and was his era’s most proficient player at reaching first base via HBP (287 for his career; he also owned a .390 OBP). A fast player who could steal bases, the most outstanding component of his play was his fielding (including a ML career record of 2.66 putouts per game). The captain of the famed Baltimore Orioles led his league four times in fielding average and putouts, plus twice in double plays. Left the game with (all set in 1895) the ML single-season records for putouts per game (3.24), chances accepted per game (6.73), and tied for the most putouts (425);as well as the NL record for total chances per game (7.16). Member of five pennant-winners (1894-96, 1899-1900) and the Temple Cup winner of 1897. Two-time STATS, Inc. NL MVP (1895-96). Three-time STATS, Inc. NL Shortstop (1895-96, 1898). Three-time Win Shares NL Gold Glove Award winner (1894, 1896-97). NL leader for HBP (1894-98) and Sac. Hits (1895). Retired with the old Orioles’ franchise season records for HBP (51 in 1896) and Sac. Hits (28 in 1895), as well as the career records for HBP (205) and Sac. Hits (63) (he also holds the Dodger franchise season record for HBP (20 in 1900).

Home Run Johnson - 1925 - SS/2B
Page Fence Giants (1895-98); Chicago Columbia Giants (1899); Chicago Unions (1900); Cuban X-Giants (1903-06); Philadelphia Giants (1905-06); Brooklyn Royal Giants (1906-09, 1912); Leland Giants (1910); Chicago Giants (1911); New York Lincoln Giants (1911-13); Mohawk Giants (1913); New York Lincoln Stars (1916)
Cap: Brooklyn Royal Giants
Arguably the greatest player at the turn of the 20th century. “Home Run” Johnson was the premier Negro League shortstop before John Henry Lloyd. The right-handed slugger had great power for the Deadball Era, impressive strike zone judgment and was also a terrific contact hitter. An excellent defensive player, he moved to second base at an advanced age only because a greater defensive player (Lloyd) became the full-time shortstop (though Johnson’s defense was still of high quality). His famous nickname was born after many a timely clout helped his team to victory.  Member of three Eastern winners (1896, 1903, 1905) and four Western champions (1899-00, 1910, 1913). Holway 1913 Eastern All-Star. Batting champ (1913).

Walter Johnson - 1933 - P
Washington (1907-27)
Cap: Washington Senators (AL)
Arguably the greatest pitcher of all-time (our Hall’s third unanimous selection), the “Big Train” dominated the American League with a fastball and nothing more for the junior circuit (a 12-time 20-game winner, he won over 30 in 1912 and 1913). The right-handed “Barney” used a sidearm motion that, coupled with his blazing speed and exemplary control, outmatched hitter after hitter throughout his career (a 2.17 ERA and 15 sub-3.00 ERA seasons (including 11 sub-2.00 ERA seasons)). Retired with the major league career records for Adj. ERA+ (146), K (3,509), and SHO (110); the AL records for most W (417), IP (5,914.70), GS (666), G (802), CG (531), A (1,351) and DP (72); as well as the AL single-season record for fielding percentage in a season (1.000 in 1913 and 1917). Member of two pennant winners (1925 and the world champs of ’24). Two-time AL MVP (1913, 1924). STATS, Inc. AL MVP (1911). Seven-time STATS, Inc. AL Pitcher of the Year (1911-15, 1918, 1924). Eleven-time STATS, Inc. AL Staff Pitcher (1910-16, 1918-19, 1924-25). Win Shares AL MVP (1913). Seven-time Win Shares AL Pitcher of the Year (1912-16, 1918, 1924). Three-time Pitching Triple Crown (1913, 1918, 1924). No-hit game (1920). AL leader for ERA (1912-13, 1918-19, 1924), Adj. ERA+ (1912-13, 1915, 1918, 1919), W (1913-16, 1918, 1924), W-L% (1913, 1924), WHIP (1912-13, 1915, 1918-19, 1924), HA/9IP (1912-13, 1919, 1924), BB/9IP (1913, 1915), K/9IP (1910, 1912-13, 1916-17, 1921, 1924), G (1910, 1914), IP (1910, 1913-16), K (1910, 1912-21, 1923-24), GS (1910, 1914-15, 1924), CG (1910-11, 1913-16), and SHO (1911, 1913-15, 1918-19, 1924). 

Charley Jones – 2003 – LF/CF
9.7 seasons with: Keokuk (NA) 1875; Hartford (NA) 1875; Cincinnati (NL) 1876-78; Chicago (NL) 1877; Boston (NL) 1879-80; Cincinnati (AA) 1883-87; New York (AA) 1887; Kansas City (1888)
Cap: Cincinnati Red Stockings (AA)
The first player born south of the Mason-Dixon line (North Carolina) to star in the major leagues, “Baby” was also one of professional baseball’s first outstanding power hitters (the first to reach 40 career homers, he left the game with an impressive-at-the-time 56). The first man to hit two home runs in the same inning in major league history in 1880, the right-handed slugger had a 149 career OPS+ and hit over .300 six times. Jones also reached double digits in triples 6 times and scored over 100 runs twice. Very popular with his fans and considered a fierce competitor, his finest season was in 1879 as he put up a batting line of .315/.367/.510 with a 183 OPS+. A highly respected fielder, he led outfielders twice each in putouts and games and once in double plays. STATS, Inc. NL Rookie of the Year (1876). Two-time STATS, Inc. NL Outfielder (1877, 1879). Three-time STATS, Inc. AA Outfielder (1883-85). Win Shares AA Silver Slugger Award (1884). Two-time Win Shares NL Gold Glove Award winner (1878-79). Win Shares AA Gold Glove Award winner (1883). AA leader for OBP (1884), G (1884-85), AB (1885), PA (1884), RBI (1883) and TOB (1884). NL leader (all from 1879, unless otherwise noted) for R, HR, BB, XBH and AB/HR (1879-80). Retired with the Red Stocking career records for BA (.301), OBP (.360), OPS (.807) and Adj. OPS+ (149).

Al Kaline – 1980 – RF/CF/DH/1B
17.9 seasons with: Detroit (AL) 1953-74
Cap: Detroit Tigers (AL)
A mainstay in Tiger Stadium for 22 seasons, Kaline was christened “Mr. Tiger” for his many years as an offensive and defensive force for the franchise that he led. At the bat, the right-handed slugger is one of the few to record 3,000 hits (3,007). Just missing 400 homers for his career, he compiled 8 seasons with a batting average of .300 and 3 seasons driving in 100 runs. At the age of 20 in 1955, he has the distinction of being the youngest batting champion. In the field, his legendary arm, quickness and grace made him a standout at his primary position (he led the AL once in assists and fielding percentage) and was the best AL right fielder during the late Fifties and for most of the Sixties. Member of one division-winner (1972) and the World Champions of 1968, he was the hitting star for Detroit in the latter series. ML Gold Glove Award winner (1957). Nine-time AL Gold Glove Award winner (1958-59, 1961-67). Five-time STATS, Inc. AL Outfielder (1955, 1959, 1963, 1966-67). Win Shares AL Gold Glove Award (1960). Fifteen-time All-Star (1955-67, 1971, 1974). AL leader for BA (1955), SLG (1959), OPS (1959), Hits (1955), TB (1955), 2B (1961), Adj. OPS+ (1959), and IBB (1959, 1963). Retired with the Tigers’ career records for Games (2,834), HR (399) BB (1,277), Sac. Flies (104), IBB (131), and Power/Speed Number (204.0).

Tim Keefe - 1901 - P
Troy (NL) 1880-82; New York (AA) 1883-84; New York (NL) 1885-89, 91; New York (PL) 1890; Philadelphia (NL) 1891-93
Cap: New York Giants (NL)
The most dominating strikeout pitcher of his time (he left the game owning the combined NL-NA record for career fans with 2,562), “Sir Timothy” had a long and consistently outstanding career (342 wins with 5,048 IP and a 125 ERA+). Besides his fastball, the right-hander also used a fine curve and even finer change-up, all three helping him set his record 19-game winning streak in 1888 as the Giants won the pennant. “Smiling Tim’s” best season: 32-13 in 1885, with a 170 ERA+.  With 6 seasons of 30 or more wins (including two of them over 40). the submarine pitcher posted three 300-plus strikeout seasons, too. Retired with the major league single-season record for ERA (0.857 in 1880). Member of three pennant winners (1884 and the World Champs of 1888 and 1889). Pitching Triple Crown (1888). STATS, Inc. NL Pitcher of the Year (1888). Two-time STATS,  Inc. AA Staff Pitcher (1883-84). Three-time STATS, Inc. NL Staff Pitcher (1886-88). Win Shares AA MVP (1883). Win Shares AA Pitcher of the Year (1883). NL leader for ERA (1880, 1885, 1888), ERA+ (1880, 1885, 1888), Wins (1886, 1888), Won-Loss% (1888), (BB + H)/9IP (1887-88), Hits Allowed/9IP (1880, 1885, 1887-89), Strikeouts/9IP (1888-89), Games (1886), Innings (1886), Strikeouts (1888), Games Started (1886), Complete Games (1886), SO to Walk (1889) and Shutouts (1888).

Willie Keeler - 1919 - RF
14.8 seasons with: New York (NL) 1892-93, 1910; Brooklyn (NL) 1893, 1899-1902; Baltimore (NL) 1894-98; New York (AL) 1903-09
Cap: Baltimore Orioles (NL)
Diminutive in size (though not at the plate), “Wee Willie” really could “hit ‘em where they aint.” Not blessed with great power, Keeler was able to compensate by slapping hits past lunging fielders for nearly twenty seasons (.341 BA and 2,932 hits). Batting in the number two slot for the 1890’s’ Orioles, he helped popularize the “Baltimore chop,” hit-and-run play and sacrifice bunt. His outstanding speed helped him on the basepaths and also as an above-average rightfielder (remarkably, he owned a strong and accurate arm for such a small man). Retired with the major league records for RF games (2,013), most consecutive seasons of 200 or more hits (8), career sacrifice hits (350), the single-season record for singles (206 in 1898), and (his most notable achievement) hitting safely in consecutive games (44 in 1897). Member of five pennant winners (1894-96 with Baltimore and 1899-1900 with Brooklyn) and two Temple Cup winners (1896-97 with the Orioles). STATS, Inc. NL Outfielder (1897). STATS, Inc. AL Outfielder (1904). Win Shares NL Silver Slugger Award (1897). NL leader for OPS (1897), AB (1895), Hits (1897, 1898, 1900), Runs (1899), Singles (1897-1900) and BA (1897, 1898). AL leader for Sacrifice Hits (1905) and Singles (1904-06). 

Charlie Keller – 1996 – LF/RF
7.6 seasons with: New York (AL) 1939-43, 1945-52
Cap: New York Yankees (AL)
Though a congenital back problem and maritime service during WWII cut short his career, “King Kong” still was able to climb the heights of baseball greatness as a member of possibly the finest outfield of all-time. Very muscular, the left-handed power hitter clubbed 30 or more home runs 3 times, drove in at least 100 runs 3 times, scored 100 or more runs three times, and slugged .518 for his career (with a hefty 152 OPS+). A patient hitter, he walked 100 or more times 5 times and left the game with a career OBP of .410. He was even more spectacular in the postseason, compiling a batting line of .306/.367/.611 (in his first World Series in 1939, Keller led all batters with his phenomenal batting line of .438/.471/1.188 and became the first rookie ever to slug 2 homers in a WS game). One of only a handful of hitters to have accomplished the feat of 20 HR, 20 2B and 10 3B in a season. Surprisingly fast despite his size, he was dependable out in the field (he led all left fielders in the AL 3 times in games). Member of four pennant-winners (1942 and the World Champions of 1939, 1941 and 1943). Four-time STATS, Inc. AL Outfielder (1941-43, 1946). Win Shares AL Silver Slugger Award (1943). Five-time All-Star (1940-41, 1943, 1946-47). AL leader for OPS (1943), BB (1940, 1943), Adj. OPS+ (1943), Power/Speed Number (1942-43) and AB/HR (1943).

Joe Kelley - 1919 - LF/CF/1B
13.0 seasons with: Boston (NL) 1891, 1908; Pittsburgh (NL) 1892; Baltimore (NL) 1892-98; Brooklyn (NL) 1899-1901; Baltimore (AL) 1902; Cincinnati (NL) 1902-06
Cap: Baltimore Orioles (NL)
The top slugger and RBI man for the immortal Oriole teams of the 1890s, Kelley also was an able base stealer and “inside baseball” strategist on the field. A lifetime .317 hitter (11 times over .300) and with a career .402 OBP (7 times over .400), the right-handed slugger with the career 133 OPS+ drove in 100 RBI 5 times and scored 100 or more runs 6 times. A skilled ballhawk in the outfield, he also possessed a strong, but deadly accurate arm. Retired with the records (all created on a Labor Day doubleheader in 1894) for most hits without an out in one day (9), most hits in one day (9) and most doubles in one game (4).
Member of five pennant winners (1894-96 with Baltimore and 1899-1900 with Brooklyn) and two Temple Cup winners (1896-97 with the Orioles).STATS, Inc. NL Outfielder (1896). STATS, Inc. NL First Baseman (1901). Two-time Win Shares NL Gold Glove Award winner (1893, 1899).  NL leader Stolen Bases (1896).

King Kelly - 1899 - RF/C/3B/S
13.6 seasons with: Cincinnati (NL) 1878-79; Chicago (NL) 1880-86; Boston (NL) 1887-89, 91-92; Boston (PL: 1890; AA: 1891); Cincinnati (AA) 1891; New York 1893
Cap: Chicago White Stockings (NL)
The #1 attraction in baseball for his time, Mike “King Kelly” played the game with a flair not seen up to that time or maybe since. An electrifying baserunner who popularized the hook-slide (he stole 50 bases 6 times and swiped 6 in one game), fans would cheer him on with the charge “Slide, Kelly, slide!” A talented batsman, the right-handed slugger batted .300 8 times and had a career mark of .308, not to mention 5 times with 100 or more runs (career OWP .683 and OPS+ of 138). Ten times finishing in the top 10 in the NL in extra base hits, he created 421 career Win Shares, including peak seasons of 45, 41 and 35 WS; 167 WS from 1884-88. A great innovator, “The King of Baseball” helped perfect many of the fledgling strategies being concocted in the 1880s. One of the few players to have manned all nine positions during his career, “The Only Mike” led catchers in his leagues in assists once and outfielders once in double plays. His sale to the Beaneaters in 1887 for $10,000 rocked the game for the staggering amount asked for the productive performer. Key member of 8 pennant winners (1880, 1881, 1882, 1885, 1886, 1890, 1891 in both the NL and AA, and the Temple Cup winners of 1892 - Kelly had a batting line of .346/.393/.538 in the 1885 World Series). STATS, Inc. 1886 NL MVP. NL leader in OPS+ (1879), BA (1884, 1886), OBP (1884, 1886), Runs (1884-86), 2B (1881-82, 1889) and Times on Bases (1884-86). Retired with the Chicago franchise single-season records (all set in 1886) for BA (.388), OBP (.483), OPS (1.017), R (155), and OPS+ (191), as well as the Beaneaters’ franchise single-season records for 2B (41 in 1889), SB (84 in 1887) and OPS+ (166 in 1888).

Harmon Killebrew  - 1981 – 1B/3B/LF/DH
15.2 seasons with: Washington/Minnesota (AL) 1954-74; Kansas City (AL) 1975
Cap: Minnesota Twins (AL)
The greatest slugger in Minnesota history, the personally amiable “Killer” (he never was ejected from a game) killed baseballs like no other AL right-handed home run hitter ever did (573 clouts, second behind Babe Ruth in the junior circuit). Besides his home run ability (he walloped 40 or more 8 times), Killebrew had great command of the strike zone (7 times with at least 100 walks) and drove in 100 or more runs 9 times. A versatile player, he helped his team out when needed at multiple positions throughout his career without any reservations. Member of two division winners (1969-70) and one pennant-winner (1965). AL MVP (1969). Two-time STATS, Inc. AL Outfielder (1962-63). Three-time STATS, Inc. AL Third Baseman (1966, 1969-70). STATS, Inc. AL First Baseman (1967). Win Shares AL Gold Glove Award winner (1967).  Eleven-time All-Star (1959, 1961, 1963-71). AL leader for OBP (1969), SLG (1963), G (1969), HR (1959, 1962-64, 1967, 1969), RBI (1962, 1969, 1971), BB (1966-67, 1969, 1971), XBH (1962), Times on Base (1969), HBP (1964), Sac. Flies (1967), IBB (1966-67, 1969), and AB/HR (1959, 1962-63, 1967, 1969-70). Retired with the Twins’ franchise single-season records for HR (49 in 1964), RBI (140 in 1969), IBB (23 in 1970), and AB/HR (11.3 in 1969), as well as the career records for SLG (.514), OPS (.892), G (2,329), TB (4,026), HR (559), RBI (1,540), BB (1,505), Adj. OPS+ (145), XBH (860), Sac. Flies (75), IBB (156), and AB/HR (14.0).

Ralph Kiner – 1987 – LF
9.6 seasons with: Pittsburgh (NL) 1946-53; Chicago (NL) 1953-54; Cleveland (AL) 1955
Cap: Pittsburgh Pirates (NL)
Unquestionably his era’s most prodigious home run hitter, no NL slugger hit them out at a greater rate than Kiner did when he finally left the field for good (a league record 13.91 AB/HR). With 7 seasons of 30 or more homers (including 3 with 40 and 2 with 50), the right-handed power hitter averaged over 100 RBI and runs per year (including 6 seasons with at least that total for both categories), 6 seasons of 100 or more walks, 3 seasons with a .300 BA, and left the game with a 149 OPS+, .398 OBP, and .548 SLG. NL records: most consecutive HR titles (7), most home runs in successive seasons (101 in 1949-50), and most multi-homerun games for a season (10 in 1947). On the fielding front, he was dependable and led NL outielders once in total chances, as well as leading NL left fielders in games 5 times and putouts and games once. Six-time STATS, Inc. NL Outfielder (1947-52). Win Shares NL Gold Glove Award winner (1948). Six-time All-Star (1948-53). NL leader for OBP (1951), SLG (1947, 1949, 1951), OPS (1947, 1949, 1951), G (1948, 1953), R (1951), TB (1947), HR (1946-52), RBI (1949), BB (1949, 1951-52), OPS+ (1947, 1949, 1951), XBH (1951), Times on Base (1947), and AB/HR (1946-52). Retired with the Pirates’ franchise season records for SLG (.658 in 1949), HR (54 in 1949), BB (137 in 1951), and AB/HR (10.2 in 1949), as well as the career records for SLG (.567), OPS (.971) HR (301), OPS+ (157), and AB/HR (13.0).

Sandy Koufax – 1972 – P
Brooklyn/Los Angeles (NL) 1955-66
Cap: Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)
The greatest pitcher of the first half of the 1960s and arguably the greatest lefty at his peak, Koufax’s career may have been short, but it packed a ton of value in it. A master of not one but two pitches (a blazing fastball and an outstanding curveball), he left the game with the career ML records for most no-hit games (4) and consecutive ERA titles (five during 1962-1966); he also set the ML single-game records for most strikeouts during a game (he fanned 18 twice) and the post-19th century single-season record for strikeouts (382 in 1965). A truly great performer in the World Series, he posted a microscopic ERA of 0.95 in four Fall Classics. Member of four pennant-winners (1966 and the World Champions of 1959, 1963, and 1965). NL MVP (1963). Three-time Cy Young Award winner (1963, 1965-66). STATS, Inc. NL Pitcher of the Year (1964). Six-time STATS, Inc. NL Staff Pitcher (1961-66). Two-time NL Win Shares Pitcher of the Year (1965-66). Six-time All-Star (1961-66). Four no-hitters (1962, 1963, and 1964; perfect game in 1965). NL leader for ERA (1962-66), Wins (1963, 1965-66), W-L% (1964-65), WHIP (1962-65), Hits Allowed/9IP (1961-65), Innings (1965-66), K/9IP (1960-62, 1964-66),  K (1961, 1963, 1965-66), GS (1966), CG (1965-66), SHO (1963-64, 1966), SO to Walk (1961, 1963, 1965), and Adj. ERA+ (1964, 1966).  Retired with the Dodgers’ franchise single-season record for WHIP (.855 in 1965), Hits Allowed/9IP (5.79 in 1965), K/9IP (10.55 in 1962), K (382 in 1965), SHO (11 in 1963), and SO to Walk (5.38 in 1965), as well as the career records for WHIP (1.106), Hits Allowed/9IP (6.79), K/9IP (9.28), and SO to Walk (2.93).

Nap Lajoie - 1922 - 2B/1B
16.5 seasons with: Philadelphia (NL) 1896-1900; Philadelphia (AL) 1901-02, 1915-16; Cleveland (AL) 1902-14
Cap: Cleveland Naps (AL)
Without a doubt, “Larry” was the greatest all-around second baseman at the time of his retirement. A powerful right-handed hitter (150 OPS+, 3,242 hits, a .338 BA, 16 seasons of at least .300 and 4 seasons of 200 hits) who was also speedy on the basepaths, the large man was surprisingly graceful defensively at his position with good hands (he led his league five times in putouts and assists three times) and expert on the double play (a six-time league leader). Retired with the major league career records for 2B (657) and the AL records for BA (.426) and SLG (.643) that were established in 1901. AL Triple Crown (1901). Two-time STATS, Inc. AL MVP (1901, 1903). STATS, Inc. NL First Baseman (1897). Three-time STATS, Inc. NL Second Baseman (1898-1900).  Eight-time STATS, Inc. AL Second Baseman (1901-04, 1906-08, 1910). Two-time Win Shares AL MVP (1901, 1910). Four-time Win Shares AL Silver Slugger Award (1901, 1903-04, 1910). Four-time Win Shares Gold Glove winner (1906-08, 1913). AL leader for OPS (1901, 1903-04), Adj. OPS+ (1901, 1903-04), H (1901, 1904, 1906, 1910),  OBP (1901, 1904), SLG (1901, 1903-04), Times on Bases (1901, 1910), G (1908, 1910), AB (1910), R (1901), TB (1901, 1904, 1910), 2B (1901, 1904, 1906, 1910), HR (1901), RBI (1901, 1904), XBH (1901, 1904, 1910), Power/Speed Number (1901), 1B (1901, 1910), and BA (1901-04, 1910). NL leader for SLG (1897), TB (1897), 2B (1898), RBI (1898), and XBH (1897). 

Barry Larkin  - 2010 – SS
13.8 seasons with: Cincinnati (NL) 1986-2004
Cap: Cincinnati Reds (NL)
The greatest shortstop in the history of the Cincinnati franchise, Larkin also dominated his position in the NL during the 1990s. A better-than-average hitter for someone with his defensive responsibilities, his career average of .295 (9 times over .300) and 116 OPS+ shone. The right-handed Larkin also scored 100 runs twice and smacked 198 home runs (including a career-high 33 dingers in 1996) during his career. An excellent base stealer, he notched 379 and recorded an impressive 83% rate of success. Acknowledged as a fine fielder, Larkin led NL shortstops 3 times in range factor, 2 times in games played, games started and putouts and once in double plays and assists. Recognized as a team leader, he became the Reds’ captain in 1997. Notable achievement: he became the first shortstop to hit 30 homers and steal 30 bases. A member of one division leader (1995) and the World Champions of 1990 (Larkin’s career postseason batting line: .338/.397/.465 and an OPS of .862). NL MVP (1995). Nine-time NL Silver Slugger Award-SS (1988-92, 1995-96, 1998-1999). Two-time AL Gold Glove Award winner (1991-92). Six-time STATS, Inc. NL Shortstop (1988, 1990-92, 1995-96). Two-time Win Shares NL Gold Glove Award winner (1990-91). Twelve-time All-Star (1988-91, 1993-97, 1999-2000, 2004). NL leader for AB per SO (1988). Retired with the Reds’ franchise career record for Power/Speed # (260.1).

Bob Lemon – 1967 – P
Cleveland (AL) 1941-42, 1946-58
Cap: Cleveland Indians (AL)
Though he started off as a third baseman, major league baseball was made all the more better when Lemon took command of the mound for the Indians in 1946. A workhorse, the right-hander won 20 games seven times for Cleveland between 1948 and 1956 and was ace of one of baseball’s stellar pitching staffs of all-time. His best pitch was his sinking fastball, which induced many a groundball out. One of baseball’s finest hitting pitchers, he hit .284 and had 31 hits in 109 pinch-hit appearances, while hitting a remarkable 37 homers for second best among hurlers (he belted 7 home runs in 1949 alone). Fielding his position, Lemon retired with the ML single-season record for double plays (15 in 1953) and the ML career record for double plays (78). Member of two pennant-winners (in 1954 and he was the Indians’ best postseason pitcher for the World Champions of 1948). Two-time STATS, Inc. Pitcher of the Year (1950, 1954). Five-time STATS, Inc. AL Staff Pitcher (1948-50, 1952, 1954). No-hit game (1948). Seven-time All-Star (1948-54).  AL leader for Wins (1950, 1954-55), WHIP (1948), Hits Allowed/9IP (1952), Innings (1948, 1950, 1952-53), K (1950), GS (1950-52), CG (1948, 1950, 1952, 1954, 1956), and SHO (1948).

Buck Leonard - 1955 – 1B
Brooklyn Royal Giants (1933); Homestead Grays (1934-50)
Cap: Homestead Grays
In a tandem with his great teammate Josh Gibson, Leonard was a member of the one of the most lethal offensive duos in baseball history. An excellent fastball hitter, the left-handed cleanup hitter had line-drive power and usually pulled the ball down the right field line. Acknowledged as one of the greats at first defensively, Leonard was sure-handed and came equipped with a strong, accurate arm. A gentleman on the field, he had the respect of his teammates and his peers. Possible the greatest performer in NeL All-Star history, he played a record eleven times and had the most home runs in that exhibition. Leonard holds the NeL record for longest tenure with any one team with his 17 years on the Homestead Grays. Member of nine Eastern winners (1937-45). Fleet Walker Award (1940). Eastern leader for BA (1948), HR (1944, 1948), Doubles (1940, 1944) and Triples (1940-41). Eleven-time All-Star (1935-41, 1943-45, 1947).

John Henry Lloyd - 1935 – SS/2B/1B
Cuban X-Giants (1906); Philadelphia Giants (1907-09); Leland Giants (1910); New York Lincoln Giants (1911-15, 1926-30); Chicago American Giants (1914-17); New York Lincoln Stars (1915); Brooklyn Royal Giants (1918-20); New York Bacharach Giants (1919); Columbus Buckeyes (1921); Atlantic City Bacharach Giants (1922, 1924-25, 1931-32); Hilldale Daisies (1923); Harlem Stars (1931)
Cap: New York Lincoln Giants
The Negro League’s greatest shortstop of all-time and the best, white or black, of his time, “El Cuchara” was the total package. He could hit, field, run, throw, hit with power and was deadly in the clutch. Lloyd had a keen eye up at the plate and possessed fine bat control. Always known as a smart player, the lefty “Pop” was a terrific at the hit-and-run, the bunt and running the bases. Manning his position, his great range and excellent hands propelled him to the top of the heap as one of the great defensive practitioners at short. Member of eleven Eastern winners (1907-09, 1911-13, 1915, 1920, 1923, 1929-30). Member of five Western winners (1910, 1914-15, 1917, 1921). Four-time Fleet Walker Award (1913, 1916, 1922, 1928). Rube Foster Award (1908). Eight-time Holway Eastern All-Star (1910, 1913, 1915, 1920, 1926, 1928-30). Five-time Holway Western All-Star (1911, 1914, 1916-17, 1921). Western batting champ (1916). Eastern batting champ (1928). Eastern stolen base champ (1928).

Dick Lundy – 2008 – SS/2B/3B/C
Atlantic City Bacharach Giants (1916-18, 1920-28); Havana Red Sox (1917); Hilldale Daisies (1917-19); New York Lincoln Giants; Baltimore Black Sox (1929-32); Philadelphia Stars (1933); Newark Dodgers (1934-35); New York Cubans (1935); Newark Eagles (1936-39); Brooklyn Royal Giants
Cap: Atlantic City Bacharach Giants
Among Negro League baseball’s most exalted performers and a member of the famed Baltimore “million-dollar infield” of 1929, “King Richard” mixed expert play, showmanship and leadership (he was team captain for 1923-25) to become a NeL standout over a long career. As a batter, the switch-hitter was able to contribute both average (a career .330 hitter in the NeL and .341 in the CWL, he attained a .484 BA in the NeL in 1924) and double and triple power. Very fast, he intimidated opposing pitchers and fielders on the basepaths. One of the finest fielding shortstops in baseball history, Lundy showcased both great range and a terrific arm and while noted for playing very deep. In the 1926 NeL World Series, he performed admirably by hitting.325, driving in 6 RBI, scoring 4 runs and stealing 6 bases. Member of seven Eastern pennant-winners (1921, 1923, 1926-29, 1935). Fleet Walker Award (1926). Five-time Holway All-Star (1919, 1921, 1926, 1931-32). Two-time NeL All-Star (1933). NeL Eastern leader for BA (1921), 2B (1926) and 3B (1921, 1923). CWL leader in SB (1924).

Ted Lyons - 1949 -  P
Chicago (AL) 1923-42, 1946
Cap: Chicago White Sox (AL)
Despite playing for poor teams throughout his career, Lyons’ quality of play was certainly not the reason for their lack of success. A fastball pitcher when he started, the right-hander possessed outstanding control (going 42 innings for one stretch in 1939 without giving up a walk). After his arm went dead in ’31, he reinvented himself my mastering the knuckleball and helped extend his career considerably. Near the end of his career, “Sunday Teddy” was used quite effectively on that day so as to conserve his arm during the season – he pitched brilliantly for the White Sox in that role and was a big draw for the team. In 1929, he pitched a 21-inning game. Five-time STATS, Inc. AL Staff Pitcher (1925-27, 1930, 1942). Win Shares AL Pitcher of the Year (1927). AL All-Star (1939). No-hit game (1926). AL leader for ERA (1942), ERA+ (1942), Wins (1925, 1927), (BB + H)/9IP (1939), Bases on Balls/9IP (1936, 1939-41), Innings (1927, 1930), Complete Games (1927, 1930), Shutouts (1925, 1940) and SO to Walk (1939-41). Retired with the White Sox career records for most wins (260), games started (484), complete games (356) and innings (4,161).


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John (You Can Call Me Grandma) Murphy Posted: September 19, 2004 at 03:52 PM | 0 comment(s) Login to Bookmark
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