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Had Barry Bonds heeded Andy Van Slyke's advice to move in a few steps against the light-hitting Francisco Cabrera, maybe his throw would have nabbed Sid Bream at the plate in that famous 1992 NL Championship Series sequence.
1.04 THE PLAYING FIELD. The field shall be laid out according to the instructions below, supplemented by Diagrams No. 1, No. 2 and No. 3 on adjoining pages. The infield shall be a 90-foot square. The outfield shall be the area between two foul lines formed by extending two sides of the square, as in Diagram 1. [...]
1.17 Playing equipment including but not limited to the bases, pitcher’s plate, baseball, bats, uniforms, catcher’s mitts, first baseman’s gloves, infielders and outfielders gloves and protective helmets, as detailed in the provisions of this rule, shall not contain any undue commercialization of the product. [...]
A DOUBLE PLAY is a play by the defense in which two offensive players are put out as a result of continuous action, providing there is no error between putouts.
(a) A force double play is one in which both putouts are force plays.
(b) A reverse force double play is one in which the first out is a force play and the second out is made on a runner for whom the force is removed by reason of the first out. Examples of reverse force plays: runner on first, one out; batter grounds to first baseman, who steps on first base (one out) and throws to second baseman or shortstop for the second out (a tag play).
Another example: bases loaded, none out; batter grounds to third baseman, who steps on third base (one out); then throws to catcher for the second out (tag play). [...]
An INFIELDER is a fielder who occupies a position in the infield.
An INFIELD FLY is a fair fly ball (not including a line drive nor an attempted bunt) which can be caught by an infielder with ordinary effort, when first and second, or first, second and third bases are occupied, before two are out. The pitcher, catcher and any outfielder who stations himself in the infield on the play shall be considered infielders for the purpose of this rule. [...]
An OUTFIELDER is a fielder who occupies a position in the outfield, which is the area of the playing field most distant from home base. [...]
[4.09 comment] APPROVED RULING: One out, Jones on third, Smith on first, and Brown flies out to right field. Two outs. Jones tags up and scores after the catch. Smith attempted to return to first but the right fielder’s throw beat him to the base. Three outs. But Jones scored before the throw to catch Smith reached first base, hence Jones’ run counts. It was not a force play. [...]
7.05(g) Comment: In certain circumstances it is impossible to award a runner two bases. Example: Runner on first. Batter hits fly to short right. Runner holds up between first and second and batter comes around first and pulls up behind him. Ball falls safely. Outfielder, in throwing to first, throws ball into stand.
[...] If an unusual play arises where a first throw by an infielder goes into stands or dugout but the batter did not become a runner (such as catcher throwing ball into stands in attempt to get runner from third trying to score on passed ball or wild pitch) award of two bases shall be from the position of the runners at the time of the throw. (For the purpose of Rule 7.05 (g) a catcher is considered an infielder.)
PLAY. Runner on first base, batter hits a ball to the shortstop, who throws to second base too late to get runner at second, and second baseman throws toward first base after batter has crossed first base. Ruling—Runner at second scores. (On this play, only if batter-runner is past first base when throw is made is he awarded third base [...]
Rule 7.06(a) Comment: When a play is being made on an obstructed runner, the umpire shall signal obstruction in the same manner that he calls “Time,” with both hands overhead. The ball is
immediately dead when this signal is given; however, should a thrown ball be in flight before the obstruction is called by the umpire, the runners are to be awarded such bases on wild throws as they
would have been awarded had not obstruction occurred. On a play where a runner was trapped between second and third and obstructed by the third baseman going into third base while the throw is
in flight from the shortstop, if such throw goes into the dugout the obstructed runner is to be awarded home base. Any other runners on base in this situation would also be awarded two bases from the base they last legally touched before obstruction was called. [...]
Rule 7.10(b) Comment: PLAY. (a) Batter hits ball out of park or ground rule double and misses first base (ball is dead)—he may return to first base to correct his mistake before he touches
second but if he touches second he may not return to first and if defensive team appeals he is declared out at first.
PLAY. (b) Batter hits ball to shortstop who throws wild into stand (ball is dead)—batter-runner misses first base but is awarded second base on the overthrow. Even though the umpire has
awarded the runner second base on the overthrow, the runner must touch first base before he proceeds to second base. [...]
10.03 OFFICIAL SCORE REPORT (ADDITIONAL RULES)
(a) In compiling the official score report, the official scorer shall list each player’s name and fielding position, or positions, in the order in which the player batted, or
would have batted if the game ended before the player came to bat.
Rule 10.03(a) Comment: When a player does not exchange positions with another fielder but is merely placed in a different spot for a particular batter (for example, if a second baseman goes to the outfield to form a four-man outfield, or if a third baseman moves to a position between the shortstop and second baseman), the official scorer should not list this as a new position. [...]
[10.06 comment] 1) Runner on first. Batter hits to right fielder, who throws to third base in an unsuccessful attempt to put out runner. Batter takes second base. The official scorer shall credit batter with one-base hit.
[10.12] (8) whose failure to stop, or try to stop, an accurately thrown ball permits a runner to advance, so long as there was occasion for the throw. If such throw was made to second base, the official scorer shall determine whether it was the duty of the second baseman or the shortstop to stop the ball and shall charge an error to the negligent fielder. [...]
[10.16a comment] (3) With two out, Abel reaches first on an error by the shortstop in misplaying a ground ball. Baker hits a home run. Charlie strikes out. Two runs have scored, but none is earned,
because Abel’s at-bat should have been the third out of the inning, as reconstructed without the error.
I wonder what would happen if a manager turned in a lineup that just listed everybody as a "fielder"?
However, I have no memory of anyone suggesting that this is the key to the team's success.
What I hear is that they got a large group of good young pitchers all at once...
What I've heard bout the pitchers is that the Pirates have bought in to the concept of "pitch to contact", which means throw low stuff to get grounders.
And the way it was presented, it was like the pitchers and Andrew were just OK; it was the fielding, driven by the shifting, that was doing all the winning. I have grave doubts about taking it that far, and more respect for Andrew and the Arms than that.
Gee Brock, I've heard the exact opposite. The general line has been that the Pirates pitchers are nothing special, but a great defense covers for them, and leads to great run prevention.
Rk Split Year ERA BA OBP tOPS+ sOPS+
1 PIT Ball In Play 2009 3.59 .309 .305 81 108
2 PIT Ball In Play 2010 4.04 .321 .316 85 117
3 PIT Ball In Play 2011 3.08 .308 .305 83 104
4 PIT Ball In Play 2012 3.17 .293 .290 87 94
5 PIT Ball In Play 2013 2.77 .292 .289 98 91
Rk Split Year ERA BA OBP tOPS+ sOPS+
1 PIT Not in Play 2009 7.96 .142 .453 159 120
2 PIT Not in Play 2010 7.87 .139 .428 146 127
3 PIT Not in Play 2011 6.94 .128 .421 150 121
4 PIT Not in Play 2012 5.61 .113 .366 132 95
5 PIT Not in Play 2013 4.44 .074 .352 101 63
Rk Split Year BF
4 PIT Ball In Play 2009 4462
7 PIT Not in Play 2009 1682
22 PIT Ball In Play 2010 4505
25 PIT Not in Play 2010 1795
37 PIT Ball In Play 2011 4535
27 PIT Not in Play 2011 1782
42 PIT Ball In Play 2012 4218
45 PIT Not in Play 2012 1879
57 PIT Ball In Play 2013 4200
60 PIT Not in Play 2013 1947
While I cannot explain the small discrepancy between BA and OBP here
The Playing Rules Committee, at its December 1977 meeting, voted to incorporate the Notes/Case Book/Comments section directly into the Official Baseball Rules at the appropriate places. Basically, the Case Book interprets or elaborates on the basic rules and in essence have the same effect as rules when applied to particular sections for which they are intended.
This arrangement is designed to give quicker access to any written language pertaining to an Official Rule and does not require a reader to refer to different sections of the Official Baseball Rules book in considering the application of a particular rule.Case Book material is printed in smaller type than the rule language and is labeled as Comment.
one of the neat things about the rulebook is that, as far as I know, the only positions identified are C,P, DH and the rule about 1B glove size.
It's simply not true and is IMO about as neat as the Lincoln-Kennedy coincidences. Identify does not necessarily mean define. The rules (or comments printed in same) name positions and acknowledge the standard 3-man outfield (EDIT: and the fact that shifting a player's location on the field temporarily does not change his position.).
Really, so what rules govern play/participation by the second baseman, shortstop or rightfielder as they do catcher, pitcher or DH? Because that was and remains his point, which none of your examples have rebutted.
He would be forced to play the game with a team of ironically fat guys who are bad at defense.
Rule 1.11 gives the first baseman permission to wear a different glove.
(a) If no announcement of a substitution is made, the substitute shall be considered as having entered the game when—
(1) If a pitcher, he takes his place on the pitcher’s plate;
(2) If a batter, he takes his place in the batter’s box;
(3) If a fielder, he reaches the position usually occupied by the fielder he has replaced, and play commences;
(4) If a runner, he takes the place of the runner he has replaced. [...]
When the ball is put in play at the start of, or during a game, all fielders other than the catcher shall be on fair territory. [...]
(c) Except the pitcher and the catcher, any fielder may station himself anywhere in fair territory. [...]
(b) No fielder shall take a position in the batter’s line of vision, and with deliberate unsportsmanlike intent, act in a manner to distract the batter.
The source of the recent skirmishing between Keith Hernandez and the umpires at first base is Paragraph 4.03 of the Official Baseball Rules: ''When the ball is put in play at the start of, or during, a game, all fielders other than the catcher shall be on fair territory.''
With a runner on first base, Hernandez likes to hold him close by placing his right foot at the inside corner of the bag and his left foot across the foul line. He explains: ''I can handle the tag a lot more quickly that way. And, when the ball is pitched, I can shove off on my left foot and rush the plate for a bunt.''
But he was warned two weeks ago by Umpire Harry Wendelstedt, who invoked Paragraph 4.03. Since then, some umpires have looked the other way, some have told Hernandez to keep both feet in fair ground and the issue is not exactly resolved.
But Eddie Haas, the manager of the Atlanta Braves, adds a footnote:
''This all started when Clint Courtney was managing farm teams for the Braves in places like Richmond and Savannah in the 1960's. He had a problem: Some of his pitchers had trouble giving intentional walks without throwing the ball away, past the catcher and everybody else.
''Clint used to be a catcher, and he had a lot of trick stuff that he'd pull. So, he began to station his first baseman well behind the catcher when they were giving an intentional walk. That way, he had a backup in case the pitcher threw the ball away with a man on base. He got away with it for a little while, and then they made it explicit in the rules: All the fielders except the catcher have to start in fair territory.''
For now at least, Keith Hernandez, too.
Not only those noted above, such as all the comments which you give no weight to and the definitions of infield(er) and outfield(er) and the difference in gloves, but also substitution rules and the allowed position prior to the play, including:
An INFIELD FLY is a fair fly ball (not including a line drive nor an attempted bunt) which can be caught by an infielder with ordinary effort, when first and second, or first, second and third bases are occupied, before two are out. The pitcher, catcher and any outfielder who stations himself in the infield on the play shall be considered infielders for the purpose of this rule. [Emphasis added]
Unless the home club shall have given previous notice that the game has been post-
poned or will be delayed in starting, the umpire, or umpires, shall enter the playing field
five minutes before the hour set for the game to begin and proceed directly to home base
where they shall be met by the managers of the opposing teams. In sequence—
(a) First, the home manager, or his designee, shall give his batting order to the umpire-
in-chief, in duplicate.
(b) Next, the visiting manager, or his designee, shall give his batting order to the
umpire-in-chief, in duplicate.
(c) As a courtesy, each lineup card presented to the umpire-in-chief should list the
fielding positions to be played by each player in the batting order. If a designated
hitter is to be used, the lineup card shall designate which hitter is to be the desig-
nated hitter. See Rule 6.10(b). [...]
The players of the home team shall take their defensive positions, the first batter of
the visiting team shall take his position in the batter’s box, the umpire shall call “Play” and
the game shall start. [Emphasis added]
Was there anything in the rulebook about a DH prior to the instituting of the designated hitter rule in 1973? No, but somehow they managed to institute the DH rule anyhow.
I do agree that there are no rules specific to a second baseman vs. a shortstop
Outfielder and infielder are permanent positions, independent of where the fielder stations himself. Rules 2.00 and 4.03 seem to intend "position" as a noun meaning the permanent or bookkeeping position listed on the lineup card. The infield fly rule uses the verb "station," and not "position," to mean where a fielder locates himself. Rule 4.06 muddies things by stating "takes a position" instead of "stations himself." Rule 10.03(a) Comment addresses the bookkeeping aspect of a temporary shift in location versus a change in position.
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