Baseball for the Thinking Fan

Login | Register | Feedback

btf_logo
You are here > Home > Baseball Newsstand
Baseball Newsstand
— All the News That's Fit to Link

Monday, September 23, 2019

Fans Feel The Pain As Indy Ball Continues To Shrink

It wasn’t that long ago when it didn’t seem crazy to think that the biggest four independent leagues (American Association, Atlantic, Can-Am and Frontier) might one day field close to 60 teams.

When the 2020 season begins, the four leagues will be fortunate if they field 40 teams combined.

The Kansas City T-Bones, a long-running stalwart of the American Association, were battling being evicted from their stadium because of more than $700,000 in back rent and utility payments. The Can-Am League’s Ottawa Champions have had their lease cancelled because of more than $400,000 in unpaid rent.

And the Frontier League crowned the River City Rascals as the league champions in a celebration that was also a fond farewell. The Rascals owners ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 23, 2019 at 02:08 PM | 1 comment(s)
  Beats: independent ball

Murray Chass is Not Done Yet

The latest from Murray’s non-blog on the AL MVP race. Here is the preamble to the BBWAA voting instructions sent to every voter as quoted by Chass in his post: “There is no clear-cut definition of what Most Valuable means. It is up to the individual voter to decide who was the Most Valuable Player in each league to his team. The MVP need not come from a division winner or other playoff qualifier. The rules of the voting remain the same as they were written on the first ballot in 1931:”

TJ Posted: September 23, 2019 at 02:08 PM | 1 comment(s)
  Beats: murray chass

Ned Yost, manager of Royals’ 2015 World Series championship team, will retire

Ned Yost, the Royals’ career leader in managerial victories who guided the franchise to the 2015 World Series championship, will retire after the 2019 season ends Sunday.

The Royals announced Yost’s retirement on Monday morning, the day after the team hit the 100-loss mark for the second straight season. He was the first Royals manager to lead the franchise to back-to-back American League pennants and finishes with a 22-9 postseason record.

“With the development of our young players and our returning veterans, I feel and hope the worst is behind us in this rebuilding phase of our organization,” Yost said in a release. “My plan all along was to get us through the rough times then turn it over to a new manager to bring us the ...

Read More...
Zach Posted: September 23, 2019 at 01:09 PM | 6 comment(s)
  Beats: ned yost, retirements, royals


Primer Dugout (and link of the day) 9-23-2019

Pittsburgh Press, September 23, 1919:

It is believed that Sunday’s Superba-Red game established a major record for brevity. The full nine innings were played, including the last half of the ninth, as the Reds were behind and had to finish that inning. The exact time was 55 minutes. The world’s record for brevity in a nine-inning game is 32 minutes, made by the Mobile and Atlanta clubs at Atlanta on September 17, 1910. It was the last game of the season and the players agreed to make it as short as possible, running in and out from their positions at full speed and hustling in every way to save time.

Unless something happened recently and I missed it, the longest inning in baseball history came on May 8, 2004, when the Tigers and Rangers ...

Read More...
Jefferson Manship (Dan Lee) Posted: September 23, 2019 at 10:10 AM | 7 comment(s)
  Beats: dugout, history

Giants’ Madison Bumgarner convinced balls are juiced: ‘No denying it’

Madison Bumgarner isn’t one to mince words, and recently the Giants starting pitcher said what everyone’s been thinking.

The balls are juiced.

“There’s no denying it,” Bumgarner told The San Francisco Chronicle. “I don’t think anybody at this point is denying the ball is different. It’s definitely different, and it’s affecting a lot of the all-time stats.”

The proof is in the pudding, as they say, and a simple glance at the home run leaderboard serves to confirm Bumgarner’s suspicion. While New York’s Pete Alonso is the only player thus far to reach the 50-homer plateau, there are another seven players in the forties, and another 47 in the thirties.

Mind you, it’s not so much that he’s wrong, and more that he’s a little late to the ...

Read More...
QLE Posted: September 23, 2019 at 01:04 AM | 25 comment(s)
  Beats: juiced baseballs, madison bumgarner

CC Sabathia sheds tears as family reads tributes

CC Sabathia wiped tears with his hands and the top of his size 56 jersey. Honored at Yankee Stadium ahead of his retirement at season’s end, his sentimental side emerged as his wife, mother and children read tributes during a video displayed on the center field scoreboard.

“This is the first time I got emotional,” Sabathia said after the New York Yankees’ regular season home finale Sunday against Toronto.

True to his nature, the 39-year-old left-hander thanked the training and clubhouse staff by name. He watched retirement ceremonies for Mariano Rivera, Derek Jeter, Jorge Posada and Andy Pettitte, but this was different.

“It’s kind of surreal,” he said. “To have a day for myself feels weird.”

  ...Read More...

QLE Posted: September 23, 2019 at 12:59 AM | 6 comment(s)
  Beats: c.c. sabathia, retirements

LEADING OFF: Wainwright streak, Snell starts, Freeman out

WRIGHT CALL

After completing its first four-game sweep at Wrigley Field since 1921, NL Central-leading St. Louis sends Adam Wainwright to the mound for the opener of a three-game series at Arizona. The 38-year-old Wainwright is 4-0 in September, allowing one earned run in 27 innings. The 6-foot-7 right-hander pitched seven sparkling innings in a 5-1 victory over Max Scherzer and Washington on Wednesday.

The Cardinals lead Milwaukee by three games for the division, and their magic number is one to eliminate the third-place Cubs from NL Central contention after four straight one-run victories against Chicago over the weekend.

Numerous items to ponder here, should you be interested in doing so….

 

QLE Posted: September 23, 2019 at 12:56 AM | 0 comment(s)
  Beats: adam wainwright, blake snell, freddie freeman, nationals, streaks

Haves, have-nots: MLB ties mark for 100-win, 100-loss teams

LOS ANGELES (AP) — Baseball’s haves and have-nots sure do have it this year.

The Los Angeles Dodgers gave Major League Baseball its third 100-win team while Kansas City became its fourth 100-loss club Sunday, matching big league records for success and futility.

The Dodgers beat the Colorado Rockies 7-4, joining the 102-win New York Yankees and Houston Astros as triple-digit victors. It’s the third consecutive year three teams have reached the century mark. Before this run, there were only three 100-game winners in 1942, 1977, 1998, 2002 and 2003.

“It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the ...

Read More...
QLE Posted: September 23, 2019 at 12:44 AM | 3 comment(s)
  Beats: going to extremes, winners and losers

For Justin Verlander, 20 wins a special moment

It wasn’t a record-setting day for Justin Verlander, but it was a winning one — a 20th victory, a division championship, a chance to celebrate and to imagine highlights still to come in a remarkable season and career.

Verlander lasted five innings in Sunday’s 13-5 Astros victory over the Angels, allowing two runs on six hits with five strikeouts, his lowest total in a month. He threw 92 hard-fought pitches against an Angels lineup seemingly determined to delay his inexorable march toward 3,000 career strikeouts.

With 2,994 career K’s, Verlander (20-6) has one more regular-season start to get six more. But the 20-win season — the second in his career and the first since he won 24 games for the Tigers in 2011 — is his. So is ...

Read More...
QLE Posted: September 23, 2019 at 12:31 AM | 6 comment(s)
  Beats: justin verlander, milestones, wins

Houston Astros clinch third consecutive AL West division title

For the third year in a row, the Houston Astros are champions of the American League West.

George Springer hit three home runs and Justin Verlander picked up his major league-leading 20th win as Houston routed the Los Angeles Angels 13-5 on Sunday to secure the division title. It also helped the Astros keep pace with the New York Yankees in the battle for the best overall record—and home field advantage throughout the playoffs.

Four races down, four to go, and our questioning turns to Hal Block. Mr. Block?

 

QLE Posted: September 23, 2019 at 12:20 AM | 24 comment(s)
  Beats: al west, astros

Brewers move into tie with Nationals for first NL Wild Card

The Brewers, once left for dead after outfielder Christian Yelich suffered a season-ending injury, defeated the Pirates 4-3 on Sunday afternoon. That, paired with the Nationals’ 5-3 loss to the Marlins, moved them into a tie for the first NL Wild Card. The Brewers are 10-2 since Yelich’s injury.

During Sunday’s game, the Brewers brought a combined perfect game bid into the seventh inning. It ended when Gio González allowed a one-out single to Bryan Reynolds. The Brewers’ four runs came on two Eric Thames homers and an Orlando Arcia homer. The Pirates mounted a rally in the eighth inning, scoring three runs, but Josh Hader came in and slammed the door, getting the final four outs.

Is it just me, or, between this and how the ...

Read More...
QLE Posted: September 23, 2019 at 12:17 AM | 18 comment(s)
  Beats: brewers, christian yelich, nationals, nl wild card

Sunday, September 22, 2019

Nelson Cruz hits career homer No. 400 before Twins hold off Royals 12-8

Nelson Cruz is a man of his word.

Twice before the season started, Cruz told team officials he planned to reach 400 home runs this season. The second time came during spring training, when he initiated a conversation with baseball communication director Dustin Morse about ways he could raise funds for charities off reaching 400.

When informed that would require him to hit 40 home runs, the then-38-year-old Cruz nodded and said, “Yes.”

Despite two trips to the injured list because of left wrist problems, Cruz’s actions have backed up his statements. His 40th home run of the season — and 400th of his career — helped the Twins down Kansas City 12-8 on Sunday for their third victory in the four-game series.

A reminder of how ...

Read More...
QLE Posted: September 22, 2019 at 11:48 PM | 5 comment(s)
  Beats: home runs, milestones, nelson cruz

In first, Israel qualifies for Olympic games in baseball

Israel qualified for the Olympic baseball tournament for the first time, with former major leaguer Danny Valencia hitting a three-run homer in an 11-1, eight-inning rout of South Africa on Sunday at Parma, Italy.

The Israeli team beat South Africa a qualifying contest between European and African nations….

There are only six national teams in the Olympic baseball event and Israel is the first to qualify for the contest. Japan, as the host nation, automatically qualifies and the other teams will earn their places during various preliminary competitions.

Team Israel advanced to the Europe/Africa Olympic qualifier after beating France in the European Championship on September 13. Overall, the white and blue crew finished fourth in the ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 22, 2019 at 07:20 PM | 15 comment(s)
  Beats: olympic baseball

Olney: Why nobody might want to be Boston’s GM ($)

Two World Series titles in six years, and two executives—with two very different personalities, operating very differently—both dismissed. These decisions loosely frame the industry perception of the Red Sox as a chaotic company, a miserable place to work. Boston owner John Henry needs to understand this, because it is why some of the people he’d probably love to consider as possible replacements for Dombrowski privately dismiss the idea out of hand.

They saw what happened to Cherington. They saw what happened to Dombrowski.

In fact, a wide-held view in other front offices is that the highly respected and well-liked Red Sox president Sam Kennedy stands as a thin buffer between the team devolving to the level of the Mets, the team ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 22, 2019 at 05:58 PM | 17 comment(s)
  Beats: red sox

How did World Series champions who missed the subsequent postseason respond the year after?

With a loss to the Rays and an Indians win over the Phillies, the Red Sox were officially eliminated from playoff contention in a season following their World Series championship.

Boston has won 4 titles in the last 15 years, a mark no other team has matched in the same time frame. But the last two times the Red Sox have won it all, they failed to make it past September the following season.

After winning the World Series in 2013 with a magical bearded run following the Boston Marathon bombings, the Red Sox finished with a 71-91 record, which was good for last place in the AL East. They followed up 2004’s championship with a first-round sweep to the eventual champion White Sox and then fell to the Rays in Game 7 of the ALCS in 2008.

...
Read More...
QLE Posted: September 22, 2019 at 12:50 AM | 13 comment(s)
  Beats: missing the playoffs, red sox, world series

Braves’ postseason goals grow after another division title

ATLANTA (AP) — One year ago, just winning the NL East was enough for the rebuilding Atlanta Braves.

Now manager Brian Snitiker and general manager Alex Anthopoulos expect more.

Even as players celebrated their second straight division title with beer and bubbly on Friday night, focus shifted.

“Our first goal was to win the East and we did, and I think now that’s not good enough,” Snitker said Saturday. “I think our guys know they’re capable of a lot more than that. The goal now is the big prize. We feel like we have a team that can do that. We are deep enough, strong enough. I think that is a realistic goal, not just to want to get in but to win the whole thing.”

Bobby Cox and John Schuerholz probably would have ...

Read More...
QLE Posted: September 22, 2019 at 12:39 AM | 0 comment(s)
  Beats: braves, playoffs

Joe West ejects Yankees’ Boone amid clash with rookie ump

NEW YORK (AP) — Yankees manager Aaron Boone clashed Saturday with another rookie umpire, and this time, veteran crew chief Joe West stepped in.

Boone was ejected by West, umpiring at third base, for arguing balls and strikes during a 7-2 win over the Toronto Blue Jays.

New York slugger Giancarlo Stanton struck out looking at three low strikes from rookie T.J. Zeuch for the final out of the first inning. Stanton argued briefly with plate umpire Jeremie Rehak — an injury replacement from Triple-A — before heading back to the dugout.

Boone, meanwhile, shouted profanities from the bench, and West signaled his ejection from across the field. Rehak also booted Yankees hitting coach Marcus Thames during the exchange.

So, when two men ...

Read More...
QLE Posted: September 22, 2019 at 12:21 AM | 28 comment(s)
  Beats: aaron boone, ejections, joe west

Cubs are living to regret Craig Kimbrel’s $43 million contract

Over his first nine seasons in Major League Baseball, no moment seemed too big for Craig Kimbrel.

The flame-throwing closer dominated in stints with the Atlanta Braves, San Diego Padres and Boston Red Sox, racking up 333 saves, 868 strikeouts and seven All-Star appearances.

It’s been a different story in 2019.

The now 31-year-old veteran hasn’t just looked human on the hill. He’s looked overwhelmed. As if there were no answers as to why his dominance has disappeared after signing a three-year, $43 million contract with the Chicago Cubs back in May.

Is it just me, or does that title have somewhat unfortunate implications?

 

QLE Posted: September 22, 2019 at 12:18 AM | 52 comment(s)
  Beats: contracts, craig kimbrel, cubs

Padres fire manager Andy Green; communication issues cited

There will be a new manager when the Padres are wearing their new brown uniforms next season.

Andy Green was fired Saturday morning, two years before his contract was due to expire and after four seasons with a 274-366 record.

Bench coach Rod Barajas was named interim manager and served in that role Saturday against the Arizona Diamondbacks.

“When you look at the way the last two months … and what improvements are being made and how things were playing out on a daily basis, it just didn’t feel like we were going to get there with Andy as our manager,” said General Manager A.J. Preller, who several times called Green a friend. “That’s a tough thing to say. Ultimately, we hire a manager and it’s my job to put players on the ...

Read More...
QLE Posted: September 22, 2019 at 12:15 AM | 18 comment(s)
  Beats: andy green, firings, padres

Saturday, September 21, 2019


Memories made Globe Life Park special for Rangers fans, but the bricks were a part of ‘The Temple’s’ appeal

The first time I came upon it on a gray January Sunday in 1997 having rolled into Dallas as a resident only a couple of hours earlier, I may have gasped slightly. Occasionally, I still do. It has, as they say, curb appeal.

We don’t grow attached to baseball stadiums because of the bricks and the mortar, but rather the memories contained within, whether it was that first opening day in 1994, Kenny Rogers’ perfect game, the first division title, the first AL pennant, Derek Holland’s World Series masterpiece or Adrian Beltre’s 3,000th hit. Often, it’s something much more ordinary, but more personal, than that. A game with an elderly parent. Your first trip with your own child. A reunion.

Those are the things that make ballparks special. ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 21, 2019 at 12:53 PM | 1 comment(s)
  Beats: rangers

What’s the best WEIRD baseball video game ever?

First, a bit about the games. Base Wars came out first, and features a bunch of robots (a cyborg, flybot, mcycle, or tank) playing standard baseball ... if standard baseball included fisticuffs for every close force-out or put-out. There are literal base wars, and even if you were definitely out, if you win the ensuing brawl, you get the base anyway. Now that’s a concept a big man like myself can get behind.

That’s the main hook, but the game also has a great aesthetic that includes multiple types of robots. The pitching robots fire the ball out of an arm cannon. The catcher is a unicycle robot and it controls like it. The ball moves pretty quickly as, again, it’s robots throwing the ball.

Things get a little Too Real when you ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 21, 2019 at 12:53 PM | 13 comment(s)
  Beats: video games

Hall of Fame manager Tony La Russa remaining with Red Sox

The Red Sox aren’t fully cleaning house of Dave Dombrowski’s top lieutenants—Hall of Fame manager Tony La Russa has agreed to remain with the organization, per an industry source.

La Russa arrived as a special assistant to Dombrowski, but he ingratiated himself to the entire baseball operations department. A constant presence at Fenway Park and a frequent observer on the road, La Russa served not only as a sounding board for manager Alex Cora, but anyone in the organization who wanted to draw on his 56 years of big league experience.

Wait- this doesn’t mean he’ll end up being the one calling the shots in practice, does it?

 

QLE Posted: September 21, 2019 at 01:04 AM | 7 comment(s)
  Beats: red sox, tony la russa

CC Sabathia to Pitch Out of Bullpen for Remainder of 2019 Season

Especially with Domingo German out for the rest of the year following the domestic violence incident, it seemed possible that CC Sabathia might make another start for the 2019 Yankees down the stretch.

Well, if it happens, it won’t be in the regular season, as manager Aaron Boone has come out and said that the big lefty will come out of the bullpen for the remainder of the regular season in an effort to prepare for October.

...

Of course, if Sabathia isn’t going to remain stretched out, his only chance of coming into a postseason game is as an opener or long man out of the bullpen.

This is how a career ends
This is how a career ends
This is how a career ends
Not with a bang but with employment as a middle reliever

 

QLE Posted: September 21, 2019 at 12:58 AM | 5 comment(s)
  Beats: bullpen, c.c. sabathia

Nats manager Martinez rejoins team after heart procedure

MIAMI (AP) — Washington Nationals manager Dave Martinez has rejoined the team following a heart procedure that caused him to a miss a three-game series at St. Louis.

The 54-year-old was back in the dugout Friday, four days after a cardiac catheterization.

“The bottom line is I feel good to go and I’m very happy and excited to rejoin the team,” Martinez said. “It was hard to watch the games without being a part of it with the guys in the dugout.”

Best wishes for him with his return.

QLE Posted: September 21, 2019 at 12:45 AM | 0 comment(s)
  Beats: dave martinez

The Curse of Bunned Meat and Breadsticks: Why the Twins Can’t Beat the Yankees

On April 11, 1961, the Twins played their first game, beating the American League champion Yankees 6-0 in front of Marilyn Monroe, Joe DiMaggio and Toots Shor, who sat beneath that white scalloped frieze at Yankee Stadium, its famous arches suggesting grandeur, antiquity and empire. The new home of the Twins, meanwhile, was a minor league ballyard in a former Bloomington, Minn., cornfield, providing the first of many comparisons between the two teams and the communities they represent in which Minnesota always comes off as a lesser New York—Big Apple vs. Minneapple, Yankees vs. Twinkies, Mickey Mantle vs. Mickey Hatcher.

Even the franchise’s inaugural victory was largely forgotten by the next morning, when Yuri Gagarin became the first ...

Read More...
QLE Posted: September 21, 2019 at 12:32 AM | 2 comment(s)
  Beats: breadsticks, curse, rod carew, twins, yankees

Alonso slugs 50th, now 2 away from Judge’s mark

Another night, another powerful statement from Pete Alonso.

The rookie Mets slugger hit his major league-leading 50th home run of the season Friday, sending a towering two-run shot to deep right-center field in the eighth inning to help send New York to an 8-1 victory against the Reds in Cincinnati.

Alonso became the second rookie in major league history to hit 50 home runs, and now is just two shy of the mark set by the New York Yankees’ Aaron Judge, who hit 52 in his first season in 2017. Alonso and the Mets have nine games left in the regular season.

“That’s just mind-boggling to me,” Alonso told SNY. “I’m a huge baseball fan. I’ve always been a baseball fan my entire life and there’s so many great players who played this game. It’s ...

Read More...
QLE Posted: September 21, 2019 at 12:26 AM | 6 comment(s)
  Beats: home runs, pete alonso

Aubrey Huff, Seth McClung feuding on Twitter

Seth McClung pitched for six seasons for the Tampa Bay Devil Rays and the Milwaukee Brewers. His time in Tampa Bay overlapped with Aubrey Huff’s time with the Devil Rays for several seasons, making them teammates.

It would seem, however, that they did not get along too well. They certainly aren’t getting along very well now if their interaction on Twitter over the past couple of days is any indication.

Yesterday a fan asked McClung who was “the biggest turd” with whom he played. McClung did not hesitate to answer

For those of you who want a reminder as for why most respectable people steer far clear of Twitter….

QLE Posted: September 21, 2019 at 12:22 AM | 6 comment(s)
  Beats: aubrey huff, feud, seth mcclung, twitter

Postgame: Royals’ starter ejected, said umpire “was after me personally”

  Royals pitcher Mike Montgomery was ejected for arguing about balls and strikes on Friday, crew chief Sam Holbrook said. But Montgomery would take exception to that — it wasn’t the calls that made him mad, it was home plate umpire Manny Gonzalez’s intent.

  “I felt like he was after me personally, and the team,” Montgomery said after a fifth-inning argument with Gonzalez wound up costing him his first career ejection. “He had a bad day. What really just [made me mad] was, he was intentionally trying to screw me over.”

  Montgomery, a five-year veteran who was traded from the Cubs to Kansas City in July, had been complaining about Gonzalez’s strike zone for much of the game, but it boiled over when Mitch Garver led ...

Read More...
QLE Posted: September 21, 2019 at 12:07 AM | 7 comment(s)
  Beats: mike montgomery, robot umpires, strike zone, umpires

Page 1 of 155 pages  1 2 3 >  Last › | Site Archive

 

 

News

All News | Prime News

Old-School Newsstand


BBTF Partner

Dynasty League Baseball

Support BBTF

donate

Thanks to
Infinite Yost (Voxter)
for his generous support.

Bookmarks

You must be logged in to view your Bookmarks.

Hot Topics

NewsblogFallacy of lively ball
(122 - 3:28pm, Sep 23)
Last: QLE

NewsblogGiants' Madison Bumgarner convinced balls are juiced: 'No denying it'
(25 - 3:27pm, Sep 23)
Last: base ball chick

NewsblogHouston Astros clinch third consecutive AL West division title
(24 - 3:26pm, Sep 23)
Last: Joyful Calculus Instructor

NewsblogMurray Chass is Not Done Yet
(1 - 3:23pm, Sep 23)
Last: baerga1

NewsblogFor Justin Verlander, 20 wins a special moment
(6 - 3:22pm, Sep 23)
Last: base ball chick

NewsblogOT - NBA thread (Playoffs through off-season)
(6789 - 3:14pm, Sep 23)
Last: it's hittin' 53450n.

NewsblogNed Yost, manager of Royals’ 2015 World Series championship team, will retire
(6 - 2:55pm, Sep 23)
Last: The Duke

NewsblogOMNICHATTER hasn't slept in months, for September 23, 2019
(3 - 2:55pm, Sep 23)
Last: Tulo's Fishy Mullet (mrams)

NewsblogOlney: Why nobody might want to be Boston's GM ($)
(17 - 2:46pm, Sep 23)
Last: base ball chick

NewsblogPrimer Dugout (and link of the day) 9-23-2019
(7 - 2:43pm, Sep 23)
Last: Nasty Nate

NewsblogOT Soccer Thread - A New Season is Upon Baldrick
(875 - 2:35pm, Sep 23)
Last: Dromedary pretzels, only half a dinar (CoB).

NewsblogFans Feel The Pain As Indy Ball Continues To Shrink
(1 - 2:32pm, Sep 23)
Last: Der-K: at 10% emotional investment

NewsblogOT - Catch-All Pop Culture Extravaganza (September 2019)
(232 - 2:29pm, Sep 23)
Last: Ben Broussard Ramjet

NewsblogBrewers move into tie with Nationals for first NL Wild Card
(18 - 2:25pm, Sep 23)
Last: Zonk Will Have the Chicken Kiev

NewsblogLenny Dykstra to fight 'Bagel Boss' Chris Morgan in Atlantic City boxing match
(88 - 1:13pm, Sep 23)
Last: What did Billy Ripken have against ElRoy Face?

Page rendered in 0.8751 seconds
186 querie(s) executed