Baseball for the Thinking Fan

Login | Register | Feedback

btf_logo
You are here > Home > Baseball Newsstand
Baseball Newsstand
— All the News That's Fit to Link

Friday, September 10, 2021

MLB denies telling Red Sox to stop COVID testing following Hunter Renfroe’s comments

As the Red Sox tried desperately to keep a COVID-19 outbreak contained as best they could over the last few weeks, the MLB handed down a mystifying recommendation, according to outfielder Hunter Renfroe.

Renfroe, who appeared on WEEI’s Merloni and Fauria show Thursday following his heroic performance in Wednesday’s win over the Rays, said the league told the Red Sox to stop testing in the middle of their outbreak.

“The MLB basically told us to stop testing and just treat the symptoms,” Renfroe said. “And we’re like, ‘No, we’re going to figure out what’s going on and try to keep this thing under control.’”

The hosts called Renfroe’s attention back to his comments to confirm, which he did twice.

The MLB quickly ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 10, 2021 at 11:05 PM | 9 comment(s)
  Beats: coronavirus, hunter renfroe, red sox

WEEKEND OMNICHATTER for September 10-12, 2021

Hombre Brotani Posted: September 10, 2021 at 03:49 PM | 118 comment(s)
  Beats: omnichatter

Source: Los Angeles Dodgers P Trevor Bauer’s season is over as MLB administrative leave extended through postseason

What had evolved into an inevitability became an official ruling on Friday, when Major League Baseball and the MLB Players Association agreed to extend Trevor Bauer’s administrative leave through what remains of the 2021 season, a league official told ESPN.

Bauer, who has been away from the Los Angeles Dodgers since MLB first began a separate investigation on July 2, will remain on administrative leave for the rest of September and all of October. MLB is not expected to decide on a potential suspension until the offseason, according to a source with knowledge of the situation.

As part of a statement, Bauer’s co-agents, Jon Fetterolf and Rachel Luba, wrote: “Today Mr. Bauer agreed to extend his administrative leave through the playoffs in ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 10, 2021 at 03:11 PM | 54 comment(s)
  Beats: trevor bauer

Cubs playing their best baseball in months as rookie sensations provide energy boost

It looked like the Cubs were in for a long final two months after all their roster turnover at the trade deadline. Indeed, things started out rough and headed toward rock bottom — including a 12-game losing streak to go along with an 11-game skid earlier in the season.

But then something happened. A group heavy on unknowns and first-time major-leaguers began to show life and started playing good baseball.

The recent success of players such as first baseman Frank Schwindel, outfielder Rafael Ortega and infielder Patrick Wisdom isn’t just having a positive impact on the Cubs as a whole — it’s also establishing them individually as potential pieces for 2022.

“The best way to press forward is to continue to push guys who are ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 10, 2021 at 10:56 AM | 13 comment(s)
  Beats: cubs

How One Padres Reliever Is Plunking His Way to an Unlikely HBP Record

Despite little name recognition, Austin Adams is one of the most dominant pitchers in baseball. Among all pitchers with at least 40 innings pitched in 2021, the Padres’ right-handed reliever is allowing the lowest slugging percentage (.201) and the third-lowest batting average (.149), behind only Jacob deGrom and Josh Hader.

Adams has come by those numbers honestly: Statcast’s “expected” statistics show that based on the exit velocities and launch angles of batted balls allowed, he ranks first in expected slugging percentage allowed and tied for second in expected batting average. He boasts the lowest hard-hit rate for any pitcher with at least 50 batted balls against, and he’s thrown by far the most innings for any pitcher who ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 10, 2021 at 10:49 AM | 22 comment(s)
  Beats: austin adams

The Rays’ Unique Ability To Mitigate Risk

Indeed, the Rays as a whole avoid disastrous reliever outings better than anyone in the league thanks to great scouting, impressive analytical work, talent-enhancing coaching and development, and a manager who knows exactly when to use each player based on matchups and game situations. These lower percentages lead to much smaller overall risk. While the Yankees would be nearly even odds to get a disastrous relief outing out of their five most-used ‘pen arms, the odds of this Rays group getting through a game en masse without a CTB outing are nearly three-fourths. By developing this pitching staff, along with strategies to maximize performance, the team has positioned themselves to survive postseason games with a ‘pen game strategy at ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 10, 2021 at 10:48 AM | 0 comment(s)
  Beats: rays

Primer Dugout (and link of the day) 9-10-2021

Indiana Daily Times, September 10, 1921:

“Six more and maybe a dozen,” Babe Ruth, baseball’s champion slugger, said [in Philadelphia] today, in talking about a home run record.

Ruth equaled his 1920 mark of 54 when he hit one off Naylor in yesterday’s game with the Athletics…He has twenty-two games in which to make a new record, the majority of which are to be played in New York, where he has the range on the short right field stands.

As it turned out, six more than 54 was exactly Ruth’s single season limit.

Jefferson Manship (Dan Lee) Posted: September 10, 2021 at 08:21 AM | 7 comment(s)
  Beats: dugout, history

Thursday, September 09, 2021

Braves’ Ozuna agrees to diversion program in domestic violence case

Braves outfielder Marcell Ozuna on Thursday entered into a negotiated resolution that could result in his domestic violence charges being dismissed.


The 30-year-old was arrested in May after Sandy Springs officers reported seeing him choke his wife, throw her against a wall and strike her with the cast on his broken fingers. Felony charges were later dropped against Ozuna, but he instead faced a pair of misdemeanors — family violence battery and simple assault.

Ozuna appeared in court virtually Thursday morning and agreed to enter into the negotiated resolution. The conditions require the Major League Baseball star to be placed on six months of supervision, undergo a 24-week family violence intervention program and complete at least ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 09, 2021 at 02:23 PM | 7 comment(s)
  Beats: braves, domestic abuse, marcell ozuna

Red Sox OF Hunter Renfroe delivers throw of the year to beat his old team

Hunter Renfroe was already having a career year. He added a career night on Wednesday.

The Boston Red Sox outfielder delivered the throw of the year — and possibly the decade — to seal a 2-1 win against his old team, the Tampa Bay Rays. There’s really nothing else to add until you see the throw.


From a step in front of the warning track in center all the way to third base in one hop. Poor Rays infielder Joey Wendle couldn’t have possible expected that to come after his fly ball got past center fielder Danny Santana.

That was not the extent of Renfroe’s contributions, as he was also the reason the Red Sox were ahead after crushing a two-run homer in the eighth inning.

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 09, 2021 at 10:47 AM | 51 comment(s)
  Beats: hunter renfroe, red sox

Rays promote Neander, reach multiyear deal

The Rays agreed to a multiyear extension with Erik Neander on Wednesday and named him president of baseball operations, promoting him from his previous title of general manager/senior vice president and ensuring that their top baseball operations official will remain right where he wants to be.

Neander, 38, began his tenure with the Rays as a baseball operations intern in 2007, was hired full-time later that year and has worked for Tampa Bay ever since. This is his fourth season as the organization’s top-ranking baseball official, and during that time he’s overseen the creation of a Major League roster that is once again among the best in the American League, along with a Minor League system that ranks among the best in baseball.

...
Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 09, 2021 at 08:39 AM | 10 comment(s)
  Beats: erik neander, rays

Wednesday, September 08, 2021

How MLB Squashed its Fake-Memorabilia Problem

Tasked with certifying the authenticity of items from every game—including, naturally, lots and lots of baseballs—there are at least two authenticators at every major league contest from spring training through October. Their work receives added attention when it comes to a milestone home run or a big moment, such as the World Series. But they are in stadiums every single day, tracking notable objects, documenting them with an intricate note-taking system and tagging them in a way that escapes tampering. While their work is done largely behind the scenes, it has become a more visible, ingrained part of the sport in recent years, and as MLB’s authentication program marks its 20th anniversary this season, the job is bigger than ever. ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 08, 2021 at 06:04 PM | 0 comment(s)
  Beats: memorabilia

20 years later, the enduring legacy of the Mike Piazza home run

ON THE WAY to Shea Stadium, Mike Piazza spent the whole ride thinking it was too soon. The Mets had swept three games in Pittsburgh from Sept. 17-19, and Piazza struggled badly. Not on the field—he had two home runs and four RBIs against the Pirates. But inside, he felt empty. He’d grown to love New York, being a New Yorker, being a Met. He wasn’t sure how he or his teammates would possibly be able to play with the destruction just a few miles away. It didn’t feel right.

Throw in that the Mets had closed to within 4½ games of the Braves and there were real pennant stakes to the game, and Piazza was afraid he wouldn’t even be able to function that night.

“We just didn’t know if we should be there,” he says. “To be a professional athlete, ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 08, 2021 at 05:59 PM | 0 comment(s)
  Beats: mets, mike piazza, september 11th

Posnanski: Jeter vs. Larkin

On the surface, Larkin and Jeter have a lot in common. They were both shortstops, roughly the same build (Jeter is taller), both of them planned to go to the University of Michigan (Larkin actually went; Jeter decided last minute to sign with the Yankees). They were both high draft picks (Larkin 4th overall; Jeter 6th). They were both impressive people. They were both leaders.

They each won multiple Gold Gloves (Jeter won five; Larkin three),. They each won multiple Silver Sluggers as the best hitter at their position (Larkin won nine; Jeter five).

And if you look at their almost identical Baseball-Reference WARs — Jeter at 71.3 WAR; Larkin at 70.5 — you would just assume that they were carbon copies of each other.

They weren’t ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 08, 2021 at 03:57 PM | 77 comment(s)
  Beats: barry larkin, derek jeter

Has pitcher friendly Busch Stadium become a competitive disadvantage for offense? Cardinals are wondering

The Cardinals are exploring internally how their downtown ballpark has become detrimental to their offense and what changes to its dimensions or their approach could correct a competitive disadvantage, an official confirmed Saturday.

“The numbers don’t lie,” said John Mozeliak, president of baseball operations. “What we’re trying to understand is what’s changed at Busch. We’re taking a look at this, we’re studying this, and we’re looking for what we can do to perhaps improve the offense in the future.”

A ballpark that favored pitchers since it opened in 2006 and still could house the NL’s top scoring team in 2013, Busch III has become increasingly hampering to hitters in recent years. The Cardinals entered ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 08, 2021 at 10:53 AM | 17 comment(s)
  Beats: cardinals, park effects

Why there isn’t a single Asian player in the Baseball Hall of Fame

For the Japanese athletes in the league, particularly those who paved the way decades ago, this has been a major hurdle. Because of the nature of the agreement between the Japanese League and the MLB for acquiring Japanese talent, Japanese players’ careers are often shorter, and they don’t have sufficient time to showcase their skills and rack up the stats in the U.S., Burgos said. And unlike other sports, the Baseball Hall of Fame does not take into consideration a player’s dominance in international leagues. Many players like Matsui, who was placed on the ballot in 2018 but not elected, had long, phenomenal careers in Japan before signing with an American team.

The politics of language also affects players’ chances of ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 08, 2021 at 10:40 AM | 89 comment(s)
  Beats: japanese baseball

The Hall of Fame’s Class of 2020 Nears the End of a Long Road to Cooperstown

The Class of 2020 has had a long wait for induction into the National Baseball Hall of Fame, and not just because the coronavirus pandemic set the festivities back nearly 14 months. While Derek Jeter was resoundingly elected in his first year of eligibility, the road to Cooperstown for the other three honorees — Ted Simmons, Larry Walker, and the late Marvin Miller — was more like a maze, full of wrong turns and apparent dead ends. That road finally ends on the afternoon of Wednesday, September 8, when all four will be inducted into the Hall. As somebody who has been deeply invested in the careers and candidacies of all four, I couldn’t bypass the midweek trip, even under pandemic conditions.

“There was never any thought in my ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 08, 2021 at 10:36 AM | 30 comment(s)
  Beats: derek jeter, hall of fame, larry walker, marvin miller, ted simmons

Primer Dugout (and link of the day) 9-8-2021

Indiana Daily Times, September 8, 1921:

New Yorkers take off their hats to “Bambino” Ruth. When the Babe hit his fifty-second homer in the second game with the Boston Red Sox yesterday, the game had to be called for five minutes while the umpires and groundkeepers collected a swarm of “straw kellys” that were tossed out of the stands. More than fifty hats were carried to the New York dugout.

The fans weren’t just showing love for the Babe. They were also getting rid of trash; back then you didn’t wear a straw hat after September 15 and people were not kidding about that rule.

Jefferson Manship (Dan Lee) Posted: September 08, 2021 at 08:20 AM | 1 comment(s)
  Beats: dugout, history, straw hats

Tuesday, September 07, 2021

Sandy: deGrom’s UCL sprain has ‘resolved’

The Mets provided some clarity on the condition of injured ace Jacob deGrom on Tuesday.

Team president Sandy Alderson said deGrom has been sidelined with a sprain of the ulnar collateral ligament in his right elbow, but that injury has healed and the ligament is “perfectly intact, based on the MRIs and our clinical evaluations through our doctors.”

Tuesday marked the first time deGrom’s injury had been termed a “sprain.” The team had previously described him as battling “right elbow inflammation.” But Alderson cautioned that the word sprain was a “technical term ... another term for a very mild ligament condition,” and he called deGrom’s injury “a very low-grade thing that has resolved itself.”...


The Mets remain puzzled about the ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 07, 2021 at 10:14 PM | 13 comment(s)
  Beats: jacob degrom, mets

Atlanta Braves sign Charlie Morton to one-year, $20 million extension

The Braves locked up another key player for next season, announcing a $20 million, one-year deal for pitcher Charlie Morton on Monday.

The contract includes a $20 million club option for 2023 with no buyout.

The 37-year-old right-hander has been a stalwart of the rotation for the first-place Braves, going 13-5 with a 3.47 ERA in 28 starts.

Morton leads the team in wins and has provided veteran leadership in a rotation that includes Max Fried and a pair of 23-year-olds, Ian Anderson and Huascar Ynoa.

RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 07, 2021 at 03:54 PM | 7 comment(s)
  Beats: braves, charlie morton


Monday, September 06, 2021

Bill James Online: Tanking

      My point is, there are different ways to think about how to compete with limited resources. Some teams are well run; other teams are not as well run.  THIS IS NOT THE PROBLEM.  The problem is that the current economic structure of baseball makes it difficult for many teams to compete.

      This has been the case through most of baseball history.  How do you think the Yankees got Babe Ruth?  They bought him.  How do you think they got Joe DiMaggio?  There was a bidding war, and they won.  They had more money than the other teams.  Economic inequality leads to unequal results.  It has always been that way.

      The problem of teams having greatly unequal opportunity to win has always been there.  Sometimes it gets ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 06, 2021 at 12:44 PM | 52 comment(s)
  Beats: tanking

Mariners give GM Jerry Dipoto, manager Scott Servais multiyear contract extensions

On Wednesday morning, less than 12 hours after a dramatic 4-0 win over the Houston Astros, the Mariners announced that Dipoto and Servais have been given multiyear contract extensions.

“I believe that this puts us in a position to achieve our mission and goal as the Seattle Mariners to win championships, and to do everything we can to win on the field,” Mariners chairman John Stanton said before Wednesday’s game.

It’s the second extension for the duo and provides leadership stability in the front office and on the field that hasn’t been apparent since the late 1990s and early 2000s. After joining the Mariners before the 2016 season on three-year contracts, Dipoto and Servais were given three-year extensions in July 2018.

“I ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 06, 2021 at 12:34 PM | 5 comment(s)
  Beats: jerry dipoto, mariners

The Righty Shift Has Petered Out

This season, we’ve reached a point of stagnation. Teams haven’t budged from the mark they set against lefty hitters in 2020. Moreover, after a steady year-to-year increase, the rate of shifts against righty hitters has actually dropped. What I find more interesting — and ultimately want to dissect — is the latter trend. That teams aren’t looking for new lefties to shift against makes sense, since there’s presumably a limited pool. But righties demonstrate pull-side tendencies, too. If we assume teams are shifting mainly based on pull rates, we’d also expect the number of shifts against righties to keep climbing.


Each team has its own philosophies and internal metrics, so it’s worth noting there may never be a consensus on ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 06, 2021 at 12:28 PM | 2 comment(s)
  Beats: shifts

Offseason trade candidates—it’s a big list

Byron Buxton, CF, Twins
One of the most electrifying players in MLB. One of the most injury-prone players in MLB. So his future value is impossible to ascertain. But having turned down a reported $80 million extension, with free agency looming after 2022, Buxton is a trade candidate for a Twins team trying to figure out where to go next after a messy 2021.

Josh Hader, LHP, Brewers
We don’t have to tell you how important Hader is to the Brew Crew. But we also don’t have to tell you what can happen on small-market clubs when players—especially relievers—get expensive near the end of their term of contractual control. The Brewers have control of Hader for just two more seasons. And because he’s so darned good, he’s going to get ...

Read More...

Concession workers at San Francisco Giants’ Oracle Park vote to strike

Concession workers at the San Francisco Giants’ Oracle Park on Saturday voted overwhelmingly to strike, citing concerns over COVID-19 safety and health coverage.

According to UNITE HERE Local 2, at least 20 concessions workers have contracted COVID-19 since the stadium reopened this season. According to the union, 96.7% of active stadium workers voted to strike.

The workers are employed by Bon Appetit, a company contracted by the Giants. They worked Saturday night’s 6-1 loss to the Los Angeles Dodgers at Oracle Park and union president Anand Singh said they will also work Sunday’s series finale.

“Ballpark food service workers’ 96.7% vote yesterday to authorize a strike shows that we’re ready to do whatever it takes to win health care, ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 06, 2021 at 12:07 PM | 5 comment(s)
  Beats: concession workers

Before Balls and Strikes, Umpires Make a Call to Pray

But on a day-to-day basis, umpires are among baseball’s most isolated figures. Increasingly removed from an era in which umpires were often men with hard-charging lives, some of them haunted by war, the full-time umpiring staff of today includes just 76 men who travel the country in crews of four and keep a distance from the players and managers they govern. Their lives can feel like blurs of airports and fastballs and hotels and brightly lit ballparks, punctuated by calls home to their children and hollers from the dugouts.

Their spiritual traditions can serve as anchors, with the lessons and lives they find in Scripture showing them a way forward on the field and away from it.

“Jesus would have been a great umpire because he ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 06, 2021 at 12:05 PM | 13 comment(s)
  Beats: umpires

Primer Dugout (and link of the day) 9-6-2021

Pittsburgh Press, September 6, 1921:

A New York writer the other day remarked that “Babe” Ruth by the end of the season will hold practically every record in baseball. That statement isn’t relished by Harry Salsinger, the Detroit sage, who comes back thusly:

“Ruth will have hit more home runs than any man in modern baseball, but what else? What has Ruth ever done in the way of base stealing? What has he done in sacrifice hitting? What has he accomplished in two and three baggers? What his is batting average? How does his total of runs scored compare with that of the other great players? What are his records for putouts and assists?”

That’s some bad take, Harry. You’re watching a guy who’ll be revered for centuries. Have some fun. Enjoy ...

Read More...
Jefferson Manship (Dan Lee) Posted: September 06, 2021 at 08:22 AM | 8 comment(s)
  Beats: dugout, history

Friday, September 03, 2021


‘Once Upon a Time in Queens’ director Nick Davis surprised by candidness of the 1986 Mets

Unlike Oldman, Davis’ stars never have won an Academy Award for Best Actor, but they include no shortage of colorful characters, from a hilariously profane Lenny Dykstra to Keith Hernandez and his cat, Hadji.

It is a wild ride that recreates a wild era in New York, one Davis experienced as a Mets fan who was 21 at the time.

In “Once Upon a Time in Queens,” he gets to sit down with most of the key players of that era, a now-56-year-old speaking to peers who themselves are in late middle age.

It is that distance from the events of the 1980s that he believes makes this the ideal time to catch up with these guys, when they still are vibrant but far enough removed to have perspective.

“I think 10 years [after] is too early, because ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 03, 2021 at 12:59 PM | 9 comment(s)
  Beats: 30 for 30, mets

‘It’s about damn time for this:’ Bryan Ruby becomes only active pro baseball player to be out as gay

Bryan Ruby first started to realize he was different at 14 years old. That’s when the hiding began. Along with the darkness.

He found emotional refuge in two different parts of his identity. He’s a professional baseball player, a member of the Salem-Keizer Volcanoes, which makes him much closer to a journeyman than a major-leaguer. And he’s a country music songwriter, having written two songs that reached the charts, plus countless ballads in his notebook.

Yet it’s Ruby’s hidden part of his identity that he now believes can have the biggest impact, partially because it’s so foreign to the worlds of baseball and country music.

Ruby is a gay man, the only active professional baseball player at any level to be publicly out.

“I kept ...

Read More...
RoyalsRetro (AG#1F) Posted: September 03, 2021 at 09:21 AM | 4 comment(s)
  Beats: gay players

Page 3 of 125 pages  < 1 2 3 4 5 >  Last › | Site Archive

 

-->

 

 

BBTF Partner

Dynasty League Baseball

Support BBTF

donate

Thanks to
Tuque
for his generous support.

You must be logged in to view your Bookmarks.

Hot Topics

Hall of Merit2022 Hall of Merit Ballot Discussion
(182 - 8:51pm, Sep 24)
Last: Dr. Chaleeko

NewsblogVaxed, waxed, and ready for the WEEKEND OMNICHATTER!, for September 24-26, 2021
(31 - 8:50pm, Sep 24)
Last: cardsfanboy

NewsblogAnti-vax baseball coach from Miami files religious discrimination complaint against MLB team
(38 - 8:47pm, Sep 24)
Last: Never Give an Inge (Dave)

NewsblogAtlanta Braves' Adam Duvall has home run nixed after baserunning gaffe
(11 - 8:38pm, Sep 24)
Last: Jose Canusee

NewsblogThey could be ROY vote-getters -- again
(4 - 8:36pm, Sep 24)
Last: Pirate Joe

NewsblogNBA 2021 Playoffs+ thread
(4594 - 6:14pm, Sep 24)
Last: Der-K's emotional investment is way up

NewsblogEmpty Stadium Sports Will Be Really Weird
(14166 - 6:00pm, Sep 24)
Last: Never Give an Inge (Dave)

NewsblogWEEKDAY OMNICHATTER wants you to believe in yourself, for September 20, 2021
(109 - 5:32pm, Sep 24)
Last: cardsfanboy

NewsblogThe 3,000 Hit Club Is Closed for Maintenance
(29 - 4:53pm, Sep 24)
Last: Darren

Sox TherapyIt's A Sprint, Not A Marathon
(67 - 3:30pm, Sep 24)
Last: Jose Is An Absurd Balladeer

NewsblogRays grab data card shaken loose from Kirk's wrist, deny Blue Jays' request to return it
(104 - 3:28pm, Sep 24)
Last: Karl from NY

NewsblogBill James: Swing Hard; maybe you'll run into something
(21 - 10:34am, Sep 24)
Last: Ron J

NewsblogArizona Diamondbacks give manager Torey Lovullo one-year extension despite 104-loss season
(5 - 2:30am, Sep 24)
Last: Walt Davis

NewsblogMLB To Experiment With Pre-Tacked Baseball During Triple-A Final Stretch
(1 - 1:55am, Sep 24)
Last: The Yankee Clapper

Sox TherapyOK, Let’s Play Scenarios
(8 - 12:04am, Sep 24)
Last: Jose Is An Absurd Balladeer

About Baseball Think Factory | Write for Us | Copyright © 1996-2021 Baseball Think Factory
User Comments, Suggestions, or Complaints | Privacy Policy | Terms of Service | Advertising

Page rendered in 0.8411 seconds
188 querie(s) executed